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https://doi.org/10.31953/sz.46.1.7

THE FRANCISCANS IN SENJ – FROM THE CONVENTUAL TO THE OBSERVANTS

Daniel Patafta ; Katolički bogoslovni fakultet Sveučilišta u Zagrebu

Puni tekst: hrvatski, pdf (3 MB) str. 137-158 preuzimanja: 105* citiraj
APA 6th Edition
Patafta, D. (2019). FRANJEVCI U SENJU – OD KONVENTUALACA DO OPSERVANATA. Senjski zbornik, 46 (1), 137-158. https://doi.org/10.31953/sz.46.1.7
MLA 8th Edition
Patafta, Daniel. "FRANJEVCI U SENJU – OD KONVENTUALACA DO OPSERVANATA." Senjski zbornik, vol. 46, br. 1, 2019, str. 137-158. https://doi.org/10.31953/sz.46.1.7. Citirano 10.08.2020.
Chicago 17th Edition
Patafta, Daniel. "FRANJEVCI U SENJU – OD KONVENTUALACA DO OPSERVANATA." Senjski zbornik 46, br. 1 (2019): 137-158. https://doi.org/10.31953/sz.46.1.7
Harvard
Patafta, D. (2019). 'FRANJEVCI U SENJU – OD KONVENTUALACA DO OPSERVANATA', Senjski zbornik, 46(1), str. 137-158. https://doi.org/10.31953/sz.46.1.7
Vancouver
Patafta D. FRANJEVCI U SENJU – OD KONVENTUALACA DO OPSERVANATA. Senjski zbornik [Internet]. 2019 [pristupljeno 10.08.2020.];46(1):137-158. https://doi.org/10.31953/sz.46.1.7
IEEE
D. Patafta, "FRANJEVCI U SENJU – OD KONVENTUALACA DO OPSERVANATA", Senjski zbornik, vol.46, br. 1, str. 137-158, 2019. [Online]. https://doi.org/10.31953/sz.46.1.7

Sažetak
The Franciscan monastery in Senj was founded in the 13th century when the Counts of Krk,
later the Frankopans, became the administrators of the town. In that time the Franciscans were the
coordinators of the restoration of the Church and their presence in the towns showed that a certain
environment came to a certain degree of urbanity. On the other hand, the Franciscans in towns
represented an element which contributed to the development of town life in all circles. The article
follows the period from the founding of the Franciscan monastery in Senj up until the beginning of
the 16th century. The history of Senj monastery is presented in the context of wider ecclesiastical
and socio-political relationships, on the European and local level. The influence of the aristocratic
family of the Counts of Krk/Fankopans on the spread of the Franciscans and the transition of
individual monasteries from conventual life to the observant life, in this case the monastery in
Senj, is shown through processes at the level of the general Church which were reflected in the area
of central and southeast Europe. Therefore, the theme of the paper is to show how in the context
of the socio-political circumstances there was a transition from conventualism to observation
amongst Senj’s Franciscans. Likewise, the role of the Counts of Krk/Frankopans and their right
of patronage in the local Church as the fundamental coordinators of the social and political life
over the large area of their rule in the context of feudal relations of mediaeval Croatia is valorised.
In the example of the monastery in Senj it can be seen how the changes and processes over three
centuries influenced the role of the monastery in the life of the defined space, changes in the very
life of the Franciscans who abandoned the more conservative conventual direction and accepted
the strict servicing of the Rules – observation, the influence of feudal lords on the ecclesiastical
and political life of the place which they ruled, and all within the framework of events on the
general European and ecclesiastical level and in a place which formed the immediate hinterland of
their possession. The beginning of the 16th century and the incursions of the Ottomans destroyed
all the mediaeval institutions in the region of Frankopan rule. The monastery in Senj survived the
Ottoman devastation and with the weakening of the Frankopans’ influence on the social, political
and ecclesiastical events in the area it entered a new period of a new age.

Ključne riječi
Senj; Franciscans; monastery; Counts of Krk/Frankopans; conventualists; observants; Bosna Srebrena; Bosna Hrvatska; Ottomans

Hrčak ID: 231931

URI
https://hrcak.srce.hr/231931

[hrvatski]

Posjeta: 205 *