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https://doi.org/10.24141/1/6/1/2

Life Adversities and Trauma as Factors of Addictive Behaviors: Analysis of Accumulation Across the Earliest Life Period

Alla Ataliieva ; Odessa “Steps” Rehabilitation Center for Drug and Alcohol Addicts, Ukraine; Odessa National Mechnikov University, Ukraine
Bohdan Biron ; Odessa National Mechnikov University, Ukraine
Vsevolod Rozanov ; Saint-Petersburg State University, Saint-Petersburg, Russia

Puni tekst: engleski, pdf (504 KB) str. 15-24 preuzimanja: 152* citiraj
APA 6th Edition
Ataliieva, A., Biron, B. i Rozanov, V. (2020). Life Adversities and Trauma as Factors of Addictive Behaviors: Analysis of Accumulation Across the Earliest Life Period. Journal of Applied Health Sciences = Časopis za primijenjene zdravstvene znanosti, 6 (1), 15-24. https://doi.org/10.24141/1/6/1/2
MLA 8th Edition
Ataliieva, Alla, et al. "Life Adversities and Trauma as Factors of Addictive Behaviors: Analysis of Accumulation Across the Earliest Life Period." Journal of Applied Health Sciences = Časopis za primijenjene zdravstvene znanosti, vol. 6, br. 1, 2020, str. 15-24. https://doi.org/10.24141/1/6/1/2. Citirano 15.05.2021.
Chicago 17th Edition
Ataliieva, Alla, Bohdan Biron i Vsevolod Rozanov. "Life Adversities and Trauma as Factors of Addictive Behaviors: Analysis of Accumulation Across the Earliest Life Period." Journal of Applied Health Sciences = Časopis za primijenjene zdravstvene znanosti 6, br. 1 (2020): 15-24. https://doi.org/10.24141/1/6/1/2
Harvard
Ataliieva, A., Biron, B., i Rozanov, V. (2020). 'Life Adversities and Trauma as Factors of Addictive Behaviors: Analysis of Accumulation Across the Earliest Life Period', Journal of Applied Health Sciences = Časopis za primijenjene zdravstvene znanosti, 6(1), str. 15-24. https://doi.org/10.24141/1/6/1/2
Vancouver
Ataliieva A, Biron B, Rozanov V. Life Adversities and Trauma as Factors of Addictive Behaviors: Analysis of Accumulation Across the Earliest Life Period. Journal of Applied Health Sciences = Časopis za primijenjene zdravstvene znanosti [Internet]. 2020 [pristupljeno 15.05.2021.];6(1):15-24. https://doi.org/10.24141/1/6/1/2
IEEE
A. Ataliieva, B. Biron i V. Rozanov, "Life Adversities and Trauma as Factors of Addictive Behaviors: Analysis of Accumulation Across the Earliest Life Period", Journal of Applied Health Sciences = Časopis za primijenjene zdravstvene znanosti, vol.6, br. 1, str. 15-24, 2020. [Online]. https://doi.org/10.24141/1/6/1/2

Sažetak
Within this study 117 drug and alcohol addicts (97 males and 20 females) were compared with a matching group of healthy controls. All respondents were questioned regarding negative life events (NLE) that have happened to them during different periods of their life, in particular when they were 0-6, 7-14, 15-18 and 19 and more years old. The questionnaire consisted of 69 questions which covered such issues as “assault”, “divorce/separation”, “major financial problems”, “serious illness or injury”, “legal problems”, “loss of confidant”, “serious marital problems”, “being robbed”, “serious difficulties at work”, “serious housing problems” and “job loss”, etc. Events related to the personal network and early life period included death of a parent, loss of an individual in the network, alcohol and drug addiction of a parent, problems in relations with parents, separation from parents, being brought up by persons other than parents, housing problems, having very bad relations with a parent, etc. It was found that the life course of NLE accumulation in addicts is 3 times higher than in controls, the differences were statistically significant (p<0,001) in all life periods. In the hierarchical regression model which was used, accumulation of NLEs in the early childhood and young adulthood (after 19) have a bigger impact than periods of school years and adolescence. Analysis of NLEs in the earliest life period (0-6 years) in addicts showed that alcohol problems in parents and perceived feelings that parents do not love them and even torture them emotionally were much more frequent than in controls. Other strong associations were with being brought up by people other than parents and father’s addiction. Physical and sexual violence were not among the priorities and were not so strongly associated with addiction. The results are discussed in terms of possible cultural peculiarities than may influence prioritization of childhood adversities and their relevance for further development of addictive behavior. The results obtained may be helpful while building rehabilitation measures for addicts, especially during family therapy.

Ključne riječi
alcohol and drug addiction; life stress; negative life events; early life adversities; psychological trauma; parent-child relations

Hrčak ID: 235074

URI
https://hrcak.srce.hr/235074

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Posjeta: 411 *