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The frequency of Cases in Croatian written and spoken data

Zrinka Kolaković ; Zagreb

Puni tekst: hrvatski, pdf (297 KB) str. 242-270 preuzimanja: 2.057* citiraj
APA 6th Edition
Kolaković, Z. (2007). Zastupljenost padeža u hrvatskome jeziku u pisanim i govornim tekstovima. Lahor, 2 (4), 242-270. Preuzeto s https://hrcak.srce.hr/21787
MLA 8th Edition
Kolaković, Zrinka. "Zastupljenost padeža u hrvatskome jeziku u pisanim i govornim tekstovima." Lahor, vol. 2, br. 4, 2007, str. 242-270. https://hrcak.srce.hr/21787. Citirano 20.07.2019.
Chicago 17th Edition
Kolaković, Zrinka. "Zastupljenost padeža u hrvatskome jeziku u pisanim i govornim tekstovima." Lahor 2, br. 4 (2007): 242-270. https://hrcak.srce.hr/21787
Harvard
Kolaković, Z. (2007). 'Zastupljenost padeža u hrvatskome jeziku u pisanim i govornim tekstovima', Lahor, 2(4), str. 242-270. Preuzeto s: https://hrcak.srce.hr/21787 (Datum pristupa: 20.07.2019.)
Vancouver
Kolaković Z. Zastupljenost padeža u hrvatskome jeziku u pisanim i govornim tekstovima. Lahor [Internet]. 2007 [pristupljeno 20.07.2019.];2(4):242-270. Dostupno na: https://hrcak.srce.hr/21787
IEEE
Z. Kolaković, "Zastupljenost padeža u hrvatskome jeziku u pisanim i govornim tekstovima", Lahor, vol.2, br. 4, str. 242-270, 2007. [Online]. Dostupno na: https://hrcak.srce.hr/21787. [Citirano: 20.07.2019.]

Sažetak
This paper analyses the distribution of Croatian cases in different types of text. The data consists of spoken text (freely spoken without pre-writing), it's written version (which is edited for printing), written data from two Croatian first grade school books, biblical epic text (2 Sam 11--12), and Psalm 51 (50). It is compared to child-directed spoken adult input data, spoken data from young children (2 and 2,6) and spoken data from 211 speakers (range 5--70 years old, but mostly middle-aged).
The results show that nominative is almost always the most common case, accusative being the second. Together with the third, genitive they cover approx. 80% of the data. Vocative is the least common. There are 84% singular and 16% plural case forms. The percentage of different cases depends on the type of text: written vs. spoken, its speaker or writer, the listeners or readers, the register, and the content. However, the three most common cases will most often be Nom, Acc, Gen, with the rest changing order depending on the text.
Accusative has the most stable position, usually 1/4 of words with declination will be in accusative (25--28%). Nominative is far less predictable, it depends more on the characteristics of the text (24--45% due to lyrics, otherwise it would range from 31--45%). Genitive ranges 11--16%, locative 5--8%, instrumental 4--6%, dative 6--15%, and vocative 0--6%.

Ključne riječi
Croatian cases; case frequency; spoken and written discourse

Hrčak ID: 21787

URI
https://hrcak.srce.hr/21787

[hrvatski]

Posjeta: 3.389 *