APA 6th Edition ROPAC, D., GAJŠEK, D. i STAŠEVIĆ, I. (2020). POVEZANOST PUŠAČKIH NAVIKA RODITELJA S PRISUTNOŠĆU NIKOTINA U TIJELU DJETETA. Acta medica Croatica, 74 (1), 17-22. Preuzeto s https://hrcak.srce.hr/237918
MLA 8th Edition ROPAC, DARKO, et al. "POVEZANOST PUŠAČKIH NAVIKA RODITELJA S PRISUTNOŠĆU NIKOTINA U TIJELU DJETETA." Acta medica Croatica, vol. 74, br. 1, 2020, str. 17-22. https://hrcak.srce.hr/237918. Citirano 04.12.2020.
Chicago 17th Edition ROPAC, DARKO, DUBRAVKA GAJŠEK i INA STAŠEVIĆ. "POVEZANOST PUŠAČKIH NAVIKA RODITELJA S PRISUTNOŠĆU NIKOTINA U TIJELU DJETETA." Acta medica Croatica 74, br. 1 (2020): 17-22. https://hrcak.srce.hr/237918
Harvard ROPAC, D., GAJŠEK, D., i STAŠEVIĆ, I. (2020). 'POVEZANOST PUŠAČKIH NAVIKA RODITELJA S PRISUTNOŠĆU NIKOTINA U TIJELU DJETETA', Acta medica Croatica, 74(1), str. 17-22. Preuzeto s: https://hrcak.srce.hr/237918 (Datum pristupa: 04.12.2020.)
Vancouver ROPAC D, GAJŠEK D, STAŠEVIĆ I. POVEZANOST PUŠAČKIH NAVIKA RODITELJA S PRISUTNOŠĆU NIKOTINA U TIJELU DJETETA. Acta medica Croatica [Internet]. 2020 [pristupljeno 04.12.2020.];74(1):17-22. Dostupno na: https://hrcak.srce.hr/237918
IEEE D. ROPAC, D. GAJŠEK i I. STAŠEVIĆ, "POVEZANOST PUŠAČKIH NAVIKA RODITELJA S PRISUTNOŠĆU NIKOTINA U TIJELU DJETETA", Acta medica Croatica, vol.74, br. 1, str. 17-22, 2020. [Online]. Dostupno na: https://hrcak.srce.hr/237918. [Citirano: 04.12.2020.]
Sažetak Objective: The aim of this study was to determine the association of parents’ smoking habits with the presence of nicotine in the child’s body. Methods: In order to collect the respective data, a suitable survey was conducted at the Srebrnjak Children’s Hospital in Zagreb. Respondents were hospitalized children and a parent accompanying the child. A total of 100 parents were interviewed, and their hospitalized children were subjected to a cotinine test to objectively determine nicotine exposure. Data were statistically processed to identify the possible differences with respect to some socioeconomic characteristics of parents and the signiﬁ cance of the association of nicotine in the child’s body with their parents’ smoking habits. The inclusion criterion was that at least one parent was a smoker. Results: The results showed the urban place of residence to predominate and had a higher proportion of negative cotinine test (75.3%), whereas the majority of children from rural areas were exposed to tobacco smoke (51.4%), at the level of statistical signiﬁ cance (p=0.015). The rate of positive cotinine test was signiﬁ cantly higher in children whose parents were divorced. A higher proportion of parents with university degree were less exposed to cigarette smoke, and statistical signiﬁ cance was found in the children of parents with lower levels of education (p=0.041), which proved that children of parents with lower levels of education were more exposed to tobacco smoke. Poor socioeconomic status signiﬁ cantly affected smoking habits (p=0.039), i.e. there were more smokers among these parents. There was no statistically signiﬁ cant difference in the children’s cotinine test results between the parents smoking in the presence of children (88%) indoors or outdoors. The number of cigarettes smoked, or concern about adverse effects on one’s own or children’s health were not statistically signiﬁ cant in relation to the cotinine test results. The children whose other parent had never quit or had failed to quit smoking were signiﬁ cantly more frequently exposed to tobacco smoke (p=0.009). The proportion of positive urine ﬁ ndings was signiﬁ cantly higher in children at an early age, indicating their high exposure to tobacco smoke within their families. Conclusion: Study results revealed a statistically signiﬁ cant association between parents’ smoking habits and cotinine test results in their children’s urine.