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https://doi.org/10.7906/indecs.18.2.4

Features of Business Demography Statistics in European Countries: Relation of Enterprise Deaths and Births to GDP per Capita and Unemployment

Berislav Žmuk   ORCID icon orcid.org/0000-0003-3487-1376 ; University of Zagreb – Faculty of Economics and Business, Zagreb, Croatia
Ksenija Dumičić ; University of Zagreb – Faculty of Economics and Business, Zagreb, Croatia
Anita Harmina ; VERN' University of Applied Sciences, Zagreb, Croatia

Puni tekst: engleski, pdf (725 KB) str. 116-134 preuzimanja: 36* citiraj
APA 6th Edition
Žmuk, B., Dumičić, K. i Harmina, A. (2020). Features of Business Demography Statistics in European Countries: Relation of Enterprise Deaths and Births to GDP per Capita and Unemployment. Interdisciplinary Description of Complex Systems, 18 (2-A), 116-134. https://doi.org/10.7906/indecs.18.2.4
MLA 8th Edition
Žmuk, Berislav, et al. "Features of Business Demography Statistics in European Countries: Relation of Enterprise Deaths and Births to GDP per Capita and Unemployment." Interdisciplinary Description of Complex Systems, vol. 18, br. 2-A, 2020, str. 116-134. https://doi.org/10.7906/indecs.18.2.4. Citirano 08.07.2020.
Chicago 17th Edition
Žmuk, Berislav, Ksenija Dumičić i Anita Harmina. "Features of Business Demography Statistics in European Countries: Relation of Enterprise Deaths and Births to GDP per Capita and Unemployment." Interdisciplinary Description of Complex Systems 18, br. 2-A (2020): 116-134. https://doi.org/10.7906/indecs.18.2.4
Harvard
Žmuk, B., Dumičić, K., i Harmina, A. (2020). 'Features of Business Demography Statistics in European Countries: Relation of Enterprise Deaths and Births to GDP per Capita and Unemployment', Interdisciplinary Description of Complex Systems, 18(2-A), str. 116-134. https://doi.org/10.7906/indecs.18.2.4
Vancouver
Žmuk B, Dumičić K, Harmina A. Features of Business Demography Statistics in European Countries: Relation of Enterprise Deaths and Births to GDP per Capita and Unemployment. Interdisciplinary Description of Complex Systems [Internet]. 2020 [pristupljeno 08.07.2020.];18(2-A):116-134. https://doi.org/10.7906/indecs.18.2.4
IEEE
B. Žmuk, K. Dumičić i A. Harmina, "Features of Business Demography Statistics in European Countries: Relation of Enterprise Deaths and Births to GDP per Capita and Unemployment", Interdisciplinary Description of Complex Systems, vol.18, br. 2-A, str. 116-134, 2020. [Online]. https://doi.org/10.7906/indecs.18.2.4

Sažetak
The aim of this study is to analyse the variations and changes in business demography and macroeconomic features for 28 European countries in 2012 and 29 European countries in 2016 as well as the relations among these features based on the following variables: enterprises birth rates, enterprises death rates, the level of GDP per capita and the unemployment rate. Using the hierarchical cluster analysis approach, the second aim of this research is to form and compare the clusters of European countries with similar characteristics according to these variables for both years. The descriptive statistics results show that a relatively high heterogeneity of European countries relative to the observed variables was present in both years, but the change in variables averages suggests an overall improvement of economic and business demography features in 2016. The correlation analysis revealed that the death rate of enterprises had a statistically significant negative correlation with GDP per capita in both years and a significant positive correlation with the unemployment rate and with the birth rate of enterprises only in 2012. The hierarchical cluster analysis resulted in seven clusters in each observed year. The comparison of clustering solutions for 2012 and 2016 detected the European countries for which the movement between clusters could be seen as a deterioration and those for which it can be seen as an improvement in some or all of the observed variables. These results have important implications for public policies aimed at reducing death of enterprises and unemployment.

Ključne riječi
business demography statistics; correlation; European countries; hierarchical clustering method

Hrčak ID: 238036

URI
https://hrcak.srce.hr/238036

Posjeta: 66 *