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Pregledni rad

About animals and animal products from the history of Zagreb

Petar Džaja ; Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, University of Zagreb, Zagreb, Croatia
Magdalena Palić ; Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, University of Zagreb, Zagreb, Croatia
Krešimir Severin ; Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, University of Zagreb, Zagreb, Croatia

Puni tekst: hrvatski, pdf (250 KB) str. 0-0 preuzimanja: 6* citiraj
APA 6th Edition
Džaja, P., Palić, M. i Severin, K. (2020). O životinjama i proizvodima životinjskog podrijetla iz zagrebačke povijesti . Hrvatski veterinarski vjesnik, 28 (1), 0-0. Preuzeto s https://hrcak.srce.hr/238111
MLA 8th Edition
Džaja, Petar, et al. "O životinjama i proizvodima životinjskog podrijetla iz zagrebačke povijesti ." Hrvatski veterinarski vjesnik, vol. 28, br. 1, 2020, str. 0-0. https://hrcak.srce.hr/238111. Citirano 02.07.2020.
Chicago 17th Edition
Džaja, Petar, Magdalena Palić i Krešimir Severin. "O životinjama i proizvodima životinjskog podrijetla iz zagrebačke povijesti ." Hrvatski veterinarski vjesnik 28, br. 1 (2020): 0-0. https://hrcak.srce.hr/238111
Harvard
Džaja, P., Palić, M., i Severin, K. (2020). 'O životinjama i proizvodima životinjskog podrijetla iz zagrebačke povijesti ', Hrvatski veterinarski vjesnik, 28(1), str. 0-0. Preuzeto s: https://hrcak.srce.hr/238111 (Datum pristupa: 02.07.2020.)
Vancouver
Džaja P, Palić M, Severin K. O životinjama i proizvodima životinjskog podrijetla iz zagrebačke povijesti . Hrvatski veterinarski vjesnik [Internet]. 2020 [pristupljeno 02.07.2020.];28(1):0-0. Dostupno na: https://hrcak.srce.hr/238111
IEEE
P. Džaja, M. Palić i K. Severin, "O životinjama i proizvodima životinjskog podrijetla iz zagrebačke povijesti ", Hrvatski veterinarski vjesnik, vol.28, br. 1, str. 0-0, 2020. [Online]. Dostupno na: https://hrcak.srce.hr/238111. [Citirano: 02.07.2020.]

Sažetak
Fairs have been held in Zagreb since 1094, that is, since the foundation of the Zagreb Bishopric. The oldest and largest fair was called Kraljevo and lasted for 20 days from St. Stephen’s Day (20th August), then St. Mark’s Fair (21st March) and St. Margaret’s Fair (13thJuly), which were held a week before and a week after those holidays. From the 14th century, when they became free, cities adopted statutes, which were originally ordnance provisions, with penalties prescribed. The first butchers were mentioned in the city of Zagreb in 1368, and the Fraternity, or Association of butchers in Zagreb was mentioned for the first time in 1387. In 1425 in Zagreb, a statute regulated the quality and control of food for human consumption, and prescribed the health inspection of fish. From 11th January 1862 animals could only be slaughtered in slaughterhouses approved by the meat inspector. In the 16th century butchers in Zagreb had 36 butcher shops. The butchers’ guild in Zagreb was mentioned from 1547. On 7th February 1640, the Senators of the city of Zagreb adopted a decision stating that market inspectors had to carefully supervise the meat being sold in butcher shops, with the special recommendation that they pay attention to the weights used and theprice of meat. In 1644 the Parliament gave the rulers of the city of Zagreb the obligation to take care of supplies to butchers’ businesses. From 6th February 1652, the order was issued that animals, regardless of whose they were, must not graze under the city walls, and this was stated once again on 4th February 1666. From 28th February 1719, it was not permitted to keep and feed pigs inside the city walls in Zagreb, and let them wander around the streets, under the threat of confiscation. By a provision on the prices of meat dated 1825, the slaughter of pregnant cows was forbidden, and in 1828 the first slaughterhouse was opened in Harmica (on Trg bana Jelačića, beside the Dubrovnik Hotel), and later a new slaughterhouse was established in Ružina ulica (Kurelčeva ulica). On 22nd May 1834, Emperor Franz I awarded a charter to the butchers’ guild in Zagreb. In the criminal code of 1852, it was forbidden to sell meat that had not been inspected. In a circular dated 1858, the adulteration of food was prohibited. From 1859 to 1863 the master butchers of Zagreb were Mirko Karas, Đuro and Franjo Grebarić, and Josip Orelić. A butchers’ guild cooperative was founded in Zagreb in 1872, and a Decree of 1876 prescribed the requirements for selling fish. The first meat processing company was Rabus in Zagreb, founded in 1879. The General Hunting and Fisheries Protection Society was founded in Zagreb in 1881. Katarina Rabus and her son founded the Rabus dried meat products factory in 1889.

Ključne riječi
Zagreb; fish; meat; statutes; butchers’ guild and fraternity; animals; animal products

Hrčak ID: 238111

URI
https://hrcak.srce.hr/238111

[hrvatski]

Posjeta: 17 *