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https://doi.org/10.1080/00051144.2019.1570644

Brain–Computer Interface in Europe: the thirtieth anniversary

Stevo Bozinovski ; Mathematics and Computer Science Department, South Carolina State University, Orangeburg, SC, USA
Liljana Bozinovska ; Biological and Physical Sciences Department, South Carolina State University, Orangeburg, SC, USA

Puni tekst: engleski, pdf (3 MB) str. 36-47 preuzimanja: 130* citiraj
APA 6th Edition
Bozinovski, S. i Bozinovska, L. (2019). Brain–Computer Interface in Europe: the thirtieth anniversary. Automatika, 60 (1), 36-47. https://doi.org/10.1080/00051144.2019.1570644
MLA 8th Edition
Bozinovski, Stevo i Liljana Bozinovska. "Brain–Computer Interface in Europe: the thirtieth anniversary." Automatika, vol. 60, br. 1, 2019, str. 36-47. https://doi.org/10.1080/00051144.2019.1570644. Citirano 20.10.2021.
Chicago 17th Edition
Bozinovski, Stevo i Liljana Bozinovska. "Brain–Computer Interface in Europe: the thirtieth anniversary." Automatika 60, br. 1 (2019): 36-47. https://doi.org/10.1080/00051144.2019.1570644
Harvard
Bozinovski, S., i Bozinovska, L. (2019). 'Brain–Computer Interface in Europe: the thirtieth anniversary', Automatika, 60(1), str. 36-47. https://doi.org/10.1080/00051144.2019.1570644
Vancouver
Bozinovski S, Bozinovska L. Brain–Computer Interface in Europe: the thirtieth anniversary. Automatika [Internet]. 2019 [pristupljeno 20.10.2021.];60(1):36-47. https://doi.org/10.1080/00051144.2019.1570644
IEEE
S. Bozinovski i L. Bozinovska, "Brain–Computer Interface in Europe: the thirtieth anniversary", Automatika, vol.60, br. 1, str. 36-47, 2019. [Online]. https://doi.org/10.1080/00051144.2019.1570644

Sažetak
This paper reviews the development of Brain–Computer Interface research, covering period from 1973 when the term Brain–Computer Interface was introduced, till the last year of the twentieth century, 1999. The focus is on the first two brain–computer interface demonstrations done in Europe, in 1988. This paper written in 2018 marks the thirtieth anniversary of those two events. The first event was control of a computer buzzer using EEG contingent negative potential variation, and the second event was control of a physical object with a mass, a robot, using EEG alpha rhythm amplitude variation. Movement of a physical object with a mass through signals emanating from a human brain was named psychokinesis and before 1988 it was in the realm of science fiction. The paper describes the two events in chronological order, from the basic idea to the engineering realization.

Ključne riječi
Brain–Computer Interface; twentieth-century BCI; CNV-based BCI, EEG-based psychokinesis

Hrčak ID: 239753

URI
https://hrcak.srce.hr/239753

Posjeta: 251 *