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https://doi.org/10.31298/sl.144.9-10.1

Horticultural species of the island of Lokrum in the period of archduke Maximilian of Habsburg (1859–1869) and their current state

Mara Marić ; University of Dubrovnik, Department for Mediterranean Plants
Ivana Vitasović-Kosić   ORCID icon orcid.org/0000-0001-9372-5892 ; University of Zagreb Faculty of Agriculture, Department of Agricultural Botany

Puni tekst: engleski, pdf (694 KB) str. 443-454 preuzimanja: 184* citiraj
APA 6th Edition
Marić, M. i Vitasović-Kosić, I. (2020). Horticultural species of the island of Lokrum in the period of archduke Maximilian of Habsburg (1859–1869) and their current state. Šumarski list, 144 (9-10), 443-454. https://doi.org/10.31298/sl.144.9-10.1
MLA 8th Edition
Marić, Mara i Ivana Vitasović-Kosić. "Horticultural species of the island of Lokrum in the period of archduke Maximilian of Habsburg (1859–1869) and their current state." Šumarski list, vol. 144, br. 9-10, 2020, str. 443-454. https://doi.org/10.31298/sl.144.9-10.1. Citirano 16.10.2021.
Chicago 17th Edition
Marić, Mara i Ivana Vitasović-Kosić. "Horticultural species of the island of Lokrum in the period of archduke Maximilian of Habsburg (1859–1869) and their current state." Šumarski list 144, br. 9-10 (2020): 443-454. https://doi.org/10.31298/sl.144.9-10.1
Harvard
Marić, M., i Vitasović-Kosić, I. (2020). 'Horticultural species of the island of Lokrum in the period of archduke Maximilian of Habsburg (1859–1869) and their current state', Šumarski list, 144(9-10), str. 443-454. https://doi.org/10.31298/sl.144.9-10.1
Vancouver
Marić M, Vitasović-Kosić I. Horticultural species of the island of Lokrum in the period of archduke Maximilian of Habsburg (1859–1869) and their current state. Šumarski list [Internet]. 2020 [pristupljeno 16.10.2021.];144(9-10):443-454. https://doi.org/10.31298/sl.144.9-10.1
IEEE
M. Marić i I. Vitasović-Kosić, "Horticultural species of the island of Lokrum in the period of archduke Maximilian of Habsburg (1859–1869) and their current state", Šumarski list, vol.144, br. 9-10, str. 443-454, 2020. [Online]. https://doi.org/10.31298/sl.144.9-10.1

Sažetak
This research, conducted within the ornamental gardens of the Island of Lokrum and based on the original archival documents from Trieste State Archives (AST) and Austrian State Archives (OeStA) in Vienna, was aimed at creating the first unique list of horticultural plant taxon planted on the island during the reign of the Archduke Ferdinand Maximilian Habsburg (1859-69). The research identified 213 taxa, including 184 species, 4 varieties, 8 hybrids and 17 cultivars. There were 193 allochthonous taxa, mostly originating from Central and South America (66), including 47 Asian species, 21 Australian species, 17 African species and 13 South American species. The Archive lists 20 taxa autochthonous in Croatia. While the number of the autochthonous taxa had apparently been higher, the historical documents have mostly recorded only the introduction of exotics. At that time, the following taxa were for the first time introduced in this part of the Adriatic, on the Island of Lokrum: Ananas comosus, Musa x paradisiaca, M. acuminata, Eucalyptus diversifolia, E. globulus, Araucaria araucana, A. columnaris, A. angustifolia, A. bidwillii, A. cunninghamii, Bougainvillea spectabilis and Citrus reticulata. At the location of the ornamental gardens, 51 ornamental allochthonous taxa and 20 autochthonous taxa were identified today. Within this number, only 21 allochthonous taxa and 9 autochthonous taxa remain present since the period of Maximilian. According to the 2018-2019 inventory, 71 taxa have been inventoried within the ornamental gardens on Lokrum, belonging to 43 families and 64 genera. Due to lack of intensive maintenance of the gardens, the majority of allochthonous, exotic species failed to survive within the autochthonous island vegetation. The list of taxa from Maximilian’s gardens presented in this paper and retrieved from the archival sources, will be the starting point of the restoration process that awaits these gardens.

Ključne riječi
gardens of the Island of Lokrum; Dubrovnik; Maximilian von Habsburg; introduction; allochthonous horticultural species; botanical analysis

Hrčak ID: 245323

URI
https://hrcak.srce.hr/245323

[hrvatski]

Posjeta: 440 *