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Original scientific paper
https://doi.org/10.31895/hcptbn.15.1-2.5

The optimisation of biscuit formulation with grape and aronia pomacepowders as cocoa substitutes

Molnar Dunja   ORCID icon orcid.org/0000-0001-8995-7674 ; Faculty of Food Technology and Biotechnology, University of Zagreb, Croatia
Dubravka Novotni   ORCID icon orcid.org/0000-0001-8760-6125 ; Faculty of Food Technology and Biotechnology, University of Zagreb, Croatia
Judith Krisch ; Institute of Food Engineering, University of Szeged, Szeged, Hungary
Tomislav Bosiljkov ; Faculty of Food Technology and Biotechnology, University of Zagreb, Croatia
Mario Ščetar   ORCID icon orcid.org/0000-0002-4684-4781 ; Faculty of Food Technology and Biotechnology, University of Zagreb, Zagreb, Croatia

Fulltext: english, pdf (1 MB) pages 38-44 downloads: 113* cite
APA 6th Edition
Dunja, M., Novotni, D., Krisch, J., Bosiljkov, T. & Ščetar, M. (2020). The optimisation of biscuit formulation with grape and aronia pomacepowders as cocoa substitutes. Hrvatski časopis za prehrambenu tehnologiju, biotehnologiju i nutricionizam, 15 (1-2), 38-44. https://doi.org/10.31895/hcptbn.15.1-2.5
MLA 8th Edition
Dunja, Molnar, et al. "The optimisation of biscuit formulation with grape and aronia pomacepowders as cocoa substitutes." Hrvatski časopis za prehrambenu tehnologiju, biotehnologiju i nutricionizam, vol. 15, no. 1-2, 2020, pp. 38-44. https://doi.org/10.31895/hcptbn.15.1-2.5. Accessed 2 Mar. 2021.
Chicago 17th Edition
Dunja, Molnar, Dubravka Novotni, Judith Krisch, Tomislav Bosiljkov and Mario Ščetar. "The optimisation of biscuit formulation with grape and aronia pomacepowders as cocoa substitutes." Hrvatski časopis za prehrambenu tehnologiju, biotehnologiju i nutricionizam 15, no. 1-2 (2020): 38-44. https://doi.org/10.31895/hcptbn.15.1-2.5
Harvard
Dunja, M., et al. (2020). 'The optimisation of biscuit formulation with grape and aronia pomacepowders as cocoa substitutes', Hrvatski časopis za prehrambenu tehnologiju, biotehnologiju i nutricionizam, 15(1-2), pp. 38-44. https://doi.org/10.31895/hcptbn.15.1-2.5
Vancouver
Dunja M, Novotni D, Krisch J, Bosiljkov T, Ščetar M. The optimisation of biscuit formulation with grape and aronia pomacepowders as cocoa substitutes. Hrvatski časopis za prehrambenu tehnologiju, biotehnologiju i nutricionizam [Internet]. 2020 [cited 2021 March 02];15(1-2):38-44. https://doi.org/10.31895/hcptbn.15.1-2.5
IEEE
M. Dunja, D. Novotni, J. Krisch, T. Bosiljkov and M. Ščetar, "The optimisation of biscuit formulation with grape and aronia pomacepowders as cocoa substitutes", Hrvatski časopis za prehrambenu tehnologiju, biotehnologiju i nutricionizam, vol.15, no. 1-2, pp. 38-44, 2020. [Online]. https://doi.org/10.31895/hcptbn.15.1-2.5

Abstracts
By-products of fruit processing, such as grapes and aronia pomace, are rich in fibre and polyphenols, and their application in bakery products
could significantly improve nutritional value, bioactive potential and shelf life of final product. This research aimed at optimising wholemeal
biscuit formulation with grape and aronia pomaces as partial substitutes for cocoa powder, using the desirability function. Ten formulations with
the mixture of cocoa powder, grape and aronia pomace powders in different ratios (0-100%) were tested. The physical properties (texture, colour, thickness, diameter, spread factor), the sensory acceptability of biscuits, and microbiological safety were investigated. The interaction of all three mixture components significantly affected the instrumentally measured redness a* and liking of texture. Biscuit diameter, yellowness b*, and liking of flavour were affected by the interaction of aronia and grape pomace. Biscuit height, spread ratio, hardness, flexibility, toughness, appearance, and odour were not significantly influenced by the mixture composition. The optimized mixture composition contained cocoa, grape pomace, and aronia pomace in the ratio 76.4 : 17.5 : 6.1 (respectively), with the desirability of 0.78. After confirmation, biscuits with that mixture were proven better than the control, that contained 100% cocoa, in terms of decreased hardness (-23%) and toughness (-19%), having the same sensory acceptability, and were microbiologically safe for 5 months. The findings of this study indicate that aronia and grape pomace could be used as partial substitutes
for cocoa powder up to 24.3% in the production of wholemeal biscuits.

Keywords
aronia pomace, grape pomace, biscuit formulation optimisation, cocoa substitute

Hrčak ID: 245699

URI
https://hrcak.srce.hr/245699

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