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Original scientific paper
https://doi.org/10.20471/may.2021.57.01.04

The association between alexithymia and two dimensions of major depressive disorder: cognitive and somatic-affective

Maja Vilibić ; Department of Psychiatry University Hospital Centre Sestre Milosrdnice, Zagreb, Croatia
Anita Dostal ; Catholic University of Croatia, Zagreb, Croatia
Dalibor Karlović ; Department of Psychiatry University Hospital Centre Sestre Milosrdnice, Zagreb, Croatia

Fulltext: english, pdf (681 KB) pages 39-52 downloads: 262* cite
APA 6th Edition
Vilibić, M., Dostal, A. & Karlović, D. (2021). The association between alexithymia and two dimensions of major depressive disorder: cognitive and somatic-affective. Archives of Psychiatry Research, 57 (1), 39-52. https://doi.org/10.20471/may.2021.57.01.04
MLA 8th Edition
Vilibić, Maja, et al. "The association between alexithymia and two dimensions of major depressive disorder: cognitive and somatic-affective." Archives of Psychiatry Research, vol. 57, no. 1, 2021, pp. 39-52. https://doi.org/10.20471/may.2021.57.01.04. Accessed 24 Sep. 2021.
Chicago 17th Edition
Vilibić, Maja, Anita Dostal and Dalibor Karlović. "The association between alexithymia and two dimensions of major depressive disorder: cognitive and somatic-affective." Archives of Psychiatry Research 57, no. 1 (2021): 39-52. https://doi.org/10.20471/may.2021.57.01.04
Harvard
Vilibić, M., Dostal, A., and Karlović, D. (2021). 'The association between alexithymia and two dimensions of major depressive disorder: cognitive and somatic-affective', Archives of Psychiatry Research, 57(1), pp. 39-52. https://doi.org/10.20471/may.2021.57.01.04
Vancouver
Vilibić M, Dostal A, Karlović D. The association between alexithymia and two dimensions of major depressive disorder: cognitive and somatic-affective. Archives of Psychiatry Research [Internet]. 2021 [cited 2021 September 24];57(1):39-52. https://doi.org/10.20471/may.2021.57.01.04
IEEE
M. Vilibić, A. Dostal and D. Karlović, "The association between alexithymia and two dimensions of major depressive disorder: cognitive and somatic-affective", Archives of Psychiatry Research, vol.57, no. 1, pp. 39-52, 2021. [Online]. https://doi.org/10.20471/may.2021.57.01.04

Abstracts
Aim: To explore the association between alexithymia and two dimensions of major depressive disorder (MDD): cognitive and somatic-affective. Patients and methods. Unicentric, cross-sectional study included consecutive sample of 63 patients at the Department of Psychiatry (DoP), Sestre Milosrdnice University Hospital Centre, Zagreb, Croatia. Target population included outpatients with diagnosed MDD (F32 and F33, according to ICD-10). Inclusion criteria were: confirmed MDD diagnosis, age between 18 and 65 years, both genders, outpatient treatment at the DoP. The main outcome was the association between alexithymia, measured by total score on 20-item Toronto-Alexithymia scale (TAS-20), with two dimensions of MDD, cognitive and somatic-affective, measured by Beck Depression Inventory-II (BDI-II). Results: Both dimensions of BDI-II and the total severity of MDD symptoms were statistically significantly, although low, associated with alexithymia, and the differences between these two correlations were not (statistically) significant. However, in the multivariable model, the cognitive dimension (b = 0.64; β = 0.48; p = 0.002; statistically significant at the false discovery rate of 0.05) was primarily associated with alexithymia, and the somatic-affective was not, after all cognitive aspects were controlled for (b = -0.19; β = 0-0.14; p = 0.491; not statistically significant, with the false discovery rate of 0.05). Conclusion: Alexithymia is primarily associated with a pure cognitive dimension of MDD after somatic-affective elements are excluded. Somatic-affective dimension of MDD is not associated with alexithymia after the cognitive elements were controlled for. Both dimensions, as well as the overall severity of MDD, are associated with alexithymia, but this association is relatively low.

Keywords
alexithymia; depression; major depressive disorder; cognitive dimension; somatic-affective dimension

Hrčak ID: 245980

URI
https://hrcak.srce.hr/245980

[croatian]

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