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Original scientific paper

Reception of Austrian Expressionism in Czech poetry

Radek Malý ; Faculty of Arts, Palacký University of Olomouc

Fulltext: croatian, pdf (91 KB) pages 37-45 downloads: 54* cite
APA 6th Edition
Malý, R. (2020). Recepcija austrijskog ekspresionizma u češkoj poeziji. Književna smotra, 52 (198(4)), 37-45. Retrieved from
MLA 8th Edition
Malý, Radek. "Recepcija austrijskog ekspresionizma u češkoj poeziji." Književna smotra, vol. 52, no. 198(4), 2020, pp. 37-45. Accessed 30 Jul. 2021.
Chicago 17th Edition
Malý, Radek. "Recepcija austrijskog ekspresionizma u češkoj poeziji." Književna smotra 52, no. 198(4) (2020): 37-45.
Malý, R. (2020). 'Recepcija austrijskog ekspresionizma u češkoj poeziji', Književna smotra, 52(198(4)), pp. 37-45. Available at: (Accessed 30 July 2021)
Malý R. Recepcija austrijskog ekspresionizma u češkoj poeziji. Književna smotra [Internet]. 2020 [cited 2021 July 30];52(198(4)):37-45. Available from:
R. Malý, "Recepcija austrijskog ekspresionizma u češkoj poeziji", Književna smotra, vol.52, no. 198(4), pp. 37-45, 2020. [Online]. Available: [Accessed: 30 July 2021]

The Austrian expressionist poet Georg Trakl (1887–1914) had a significant influence on the twentieth-century Czech literature, especially thanks to the early translations of his poetry into Czech by Bohuslav Reynek (1917 and 1924) and later by Ludvík Kundera (1965 and 1995). Numerous translators and poets dealt with Trakl’s poetry. At the center of the inquiry is the question of the dissemination of this influence among the Moravian poets – in whose poems and in what way Trakl’s work finds its reflection. In the early 1930s collections of young Moravian poets appeared that responded to the previous literary era of poetism, which was characterized by carefree and optimistic worldview. For these poets – František Halas, Vilém Závada and Jan Zahradníček – the motifs of autumn, mourning and death were of great importance. These poets had either a direct or indirect effect (mediated by Bohuslav Reynek’s translations) of Trakl’s work – similar motifs of doom appear, the same ghostly atmosphere and sometimes literal quotations. Trakl’s strongest influence on Czech literature can be found in the second collection of poetry by František Halas Kohout plaší smrt (The Rooster Shuns Death, 1930). Even in the 1960s, one still speaks of a “traditional atmosphere”, such as B. in the book of poems Metličky (The Rods, 1968) by Jan Skácel. The drama Trakl (from 1998, realized as a radio play in 2002) by the young playwright Marek Horoščák has a special position. It turns out that Trakl’s work has a firm place in Czech literature and still radiates to the present day.

expressionism; Georg Trakl; Czech poetry; František Halas; Jan Skácel; the twentieth century

Hrčak ID: 249457



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