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Original scientific paper
https://doi.org/10.21464/fi41112

Logical Reasoning and Expertise: Extolling the Virtues of Connectionist Account of Enthymemes

Vanja Subotić   ORCID icon orcid.org/0000-0002-9334-5766 ; Univerzitet u Beogradu, Filozofski fakultet, Institut za filozofiju, Čika Ljubina 18–20, RS–11000 Beograd

Fulltext: english, pdf (309 KB) pages 197-211 downloads: 22* cite
APA 6th Edition
Subotić, V. (2021). Logical Reasoning and Expertise: Extolling the Virtues of Connectionist Account of Enthymemes. Filozofska istraživanja, 41 (1), 197-211. https://doi.org/10.21464/fi41112
MLA 8th Edition
Subotić, Vanja. "Logical Reasoning and Expertise: Extolling the Virtues of Connectionist Account of Enthymemes." Filozofska istraživanja, vol. 41, no. 1, 2021, pp. 197-211. https://doi.org/10.21464/fi41112. Accessed 18 May 2021.
Chicago 17th Edition
Subotić, Vanja. "Logical Reasoning and Expertise: Extolling the Virtues of Connectionist Account of Enthymemes." Filozofska istraživanja 41, no. 1 (2021): 197-211. https://doi.org/10.21464/fi41112
Harvard
Subotić, V. (2021). 'Logical Reasoning and Expertise: Extolling the Virtues of Connectionist Account of Enthymemes', Filozofska istraživanja, 41(1), pp. 197-211. https://doi.org/10.21464/fi41112
Vancouver
Subotić V. Logical Reasoning and Expertise: Extolling the Virtues of Connectionist Account of Enthymemes. Filozofska istraživanja [Internet]. 2021 [cited 2021 May 18];41(1):197-211. https://doi.org/10.21464/fi41112
IEEE
V. Subotić, "Logical Reasoning and Expertise: Extolling the Virtues of Connectionist Account of Enthymemes", Filozofska istraživanja, vol.41, no. 1, pp. 197-211, 2021. [Online]. https://doi.org/10.21464/fi41112
Fulltext: croatian, pdf (309 KB) pages 197-211 downloads: 52* cite
APA 6th Edition
Subotić, V. (2021). Logičko zaključivanje i ekspertiza: prednosti konekcionističkog razmatranja entimema. Filozofska istraživanja, 41 (1), 197-211. https://doi.org/10.21464/fi41112
MLA 8th Edition
Subotić, Vanja. "Logičko zaključivanje i ekspertiza: prednosti konekcionističkog razmatranja entimema." Filozofska istraživanja, vol. 41, no. 1, 2021, pp. 197-211. https://doi.org/10.21464/fi41112. Accessed 18 May 2021.
Chicago 17th Edition
Subotić, Vanja. "Logičko zaključivanje i ekspertiza: prednosti konekcionističkog razmatranja entimema." Filozofska istraživanja 41, no. 1 (2021): 197-211. https://doi.org/10.21464/fi41112
Harvard
Subotić, V. (2021). 'Logičko zaključivanje i ekspertiza: prednosti konekcionističkog razmatranja entimema', Filozofska istraživanja, 41(1), pp. 197-211. https://doi.org/10.21464/fi41112
Vancouver
Subotić V. Logičko zaključivanje i ekspertiza: prednosti konekcionističkog razmatranja entimema. Filozofska istraživanja [Internet]. 2021 [cited 2021 May 18];41(1):197-211. https://doi.org/10.21464/fi41112
IEEE
V. Subotić, "Logičko zaključivanje i ekspertiza: prednosti konekcionističkog razmatranja entimema", Filozofska istraživanja, vol.41, no. 1, pp. 197-211, 2021. [Online]. https://doi.org/10.21464/fi41112

Abstracts
Cognitive scientists used to deem reasoning either as a higher cognitive process based on the manipulation of abstract rules or as a higher cognitive process that is stochastic rather than involving abstract rules. I maintain that these different perspectives are closely intertwined with a theoretical and methodological endorsement of either cognitivism or connectionism. Cognitivism and connectionism represent two prevailing and opposed paradigms in cognitive science. I aim to extoll the virtues of connectionist models of enthymematic reasoning by following means: (1) via the phenomenon of creative enthymeme, viz. the inference where one cannot even articulate the missing premise, I introduce a connectionist mechanism of pattern recognition as underlying expertise; (2) via Gestalt switch or Gestalt click, I demonstrate how differences in pattern recognition of an expert and a novice can be construed as qualitatively different, and not merely a matter of faster reasoning.

Keywords
enthymemes; expertise; cognitivism; connectionism; pattern; William Bechtel

Hrčak ID: 251425

URI
https://hrcak.srce.hr/251425

[croatian]

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