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Izvorni znanstveni članak
https://doi.org/10.24099/vet.arhiv.0857

A retroviral survey of endangered Eurasian lynx (Lynx lynx) from Croatia

Tomislav Gomerčić ; Department of Veterinary Biology, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, University of Zagreb, Zagreb, Croatia
Matko Perharić ; Department of Microbiology and Infectious Diseases with Clinic, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, University of Zagreb, Zagreb, Croatia
Josip Kusak ; Department of Veterinary Biology, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, University of Zagreb, Zagreb, Croatia
Vedran Slijepčević ; Department of Wildlife Management and Nature Conservation, Karlovac University of Applied Sciences, Karlovac, Croatia
Vilim Starešina ; Department of Microbiology and Infectious Diseases with Clinic, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, University of Zagreb, Zagreb, Croatia
Vladimir Stevanović ; Department of Microbiology and Infectious Diseases with Clinic, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, University of Zagreb, Zagreb, Croatia
Vesna Mojčec Perko ; Department of Microbiology and Infectious Diseases with Clinic, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, University of Zagreb, Zagreb, Croatia
Ira Topličanec ; Department of Veterinary Biology, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, University of Zagreb, Zagreb, Croatia
Magda Sindičić ; Department for Game Biology, Pathology and Breeding, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, University of Zagreb, Zagreb, Croatia

Puni tekst: engleski, pdf (900 KB) str. 65-71 preuzimanja: 0* citiraj
APA 6th Edition
Gomerčić, T., Perharić, M., Kusak, J., Slijepčević, V., Starešina, V., Stevanović, V., ... Sindičić, M. (2021). A retroviral survey of endangered Eurasian lynx (Lynx lynx) from Croatia. Veterinarski arhiv, 91 (1), 65-71. https://doi.org/10.24099/vet.arhiv.0857
MLA 8th Edition
Gomerčić, Tomislav, et al. "A retroviral survey of endangered Eurasian lynx (Lynx lynx) from Croatia." Veterinarski arhiv, vol. 91, br. 1, 2021, str. 65-71. https://doi.org/10.24099/vet.arhiv.0857. Citirano 11.04.2021.
Chicago 17th Edition
Gomerčić, Tomislav, Matko Perharić, Josip Kusak, Vedran Slijepčević, Vilim Starešina, Vladimir Stevanović, Vesna Mojčec Perko, Ira Topličanec i Magda Sindičić. "A retroviral survey of endangered Eurasian lynx (Lynx lynx) from Croatia." Veterinarski arhiv 91, br. 1 (2021): 65-71. https://doi.org/10.24099/vet.arhiv.0857
Harvard
Gomerčić, T., et al. (2021). 'A retroviral survey of endangered Eurasian lynx (Lynx lynx) from Croatia', Veterinarski arhiv, 91(1), str. 65-71. https://doi.org/10.24099/vet.arhiv.0857
Vancouver
Gomerčić T, Perharić M, Kusak J, Slijepčević V, Starešina V, Stevanović V i sur. A retroviral survey of endangered Eurasian lynx (Lynx lynx) from Croatia. Veterinarski arhiv [Internet]. 2021 [pristupljeno 11.04.2021.];91(1):65-71. https://doi.org/10.24099/vet.arhiv.0857
IEEE
T. Gomerčić, et al., "A retroviral survey of endangered Eurasian lynx (Lynx lynx) from Croatia", Veterinarski arhiv, vol.91, br. 1, str. 65-71, 2021. [Online]. https://doi.org/10.24099/vet.arhiv.0857

Sažetak
The feline immunodeficiency virus (FIV) and feline leukemia virus (FeLV) may cause persistent, lifelong and lethal infections in domestic and wild felids worldwide. FIV has been confirmed in most Felidae species, while FeLV infection is rare among non-domestic cats. The view that retroviruses are pathogenic in domestic cats but not in other free-ranging felid species was disproved by recent findings of retroviral pathology in several wild felids. The epidemiology of retroviral infections in felids in Croatia was only investigated in urban domestic cats, while there are no data for wild cat species. As the reintroduced Dinaric lynx (Lynx lynx) population suffers from low genetic diversity, which reduces their ability to adapt to new viral outbreaks, the health status of this lynx population is of particular concern. Two different commercial immunochromatographic assays were used for qualitative detection of FIV antibodies and FeLV antigens, while PCR was used for amplification of proviral gag and env genes in Eurasian lynx blood samples. All the 17 Eurasian lynx samples collected between 2001 and 2019 tested negative in both immunochromatographic and molecular tests. Even though our sample size was rather small, considering the fact that the population size of lynx in Croatia is estimated at 40 - 60 animals, our results can be considered representative for the population’s health status. Also, data about retroviral prevalence in Eurasian lynxes are scarce, so any new findings are very valuable.

Ključne riječi
feline immunodeficiency virus; FIV; feline leukemia virus; FeLV; lynx

Hrčak ID: 255225

URI
https://hrcak.srce.hr/255225

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