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https://doi.org/https://doi.org/10.5552/crojfe.2021.722

Skyline Tensile Forces in Cable Logging: Field Observations vs. Software Calculations

Omar Mologni   ORCID icon orcid.org/0000-0002-0888-0028 ; The University of British Columbia Faculty of Forestry Department of Forest Resources Management 2424 Main Mall V6T 1Z4 – Vancouver, BC CANADA
Luca Marchi ; Università degli Studi di Padova Department of Land Environment Agriculture and Forestry Viale dell’Università 16 35020 – Legnaro ITALY
C. Kevin Lyons ; Oregon State University College of Forestry Department of Forest Engineering Resources and Management 311 Snell Hall 97331 – Corvallis, OR USA
Stefano Grigolato ; Università degli Studi di Padova Department of Land Environment Agriculture and Forestry Viale dell’Università 16 35020 – Legnaro ITALY
Raffaele Cavalli ; Università degli Studi di Padova Department of Land Environment Agriculture and Forestry Viale dell’Università 16 35020 – Legnaro ITALY
Dominik Röser ; The University of British Columbia Faculty of Forestry Department of Forest Resources Management 2424 Main Mall V6T 1Z4 – Vancouver, BC CANADA

Puni tekst: engleski, pdf (2 MB) str. 227-243 preuzimanja: 0* citiraj
APA 6th Edition
Mologni, O., Marchi, L., Lyons, C.K., Grigolato, S., Cavalli, R. i Röser, D. (2021). Skyline Tensile Forces in Cable Logging: Field Observations vs. Software Calculations. Croatian Journal of Forest Engineering, 42 (2), 227-243. Preuzeto s https://hrcak.srce.hr/255259
MLA 8th Edition
Mologni, Omar, et al. "Skyline Tensile Forces in Cable Logging: Field Observations vs. Software Calculations." Croatian Journal of Forest Engineering, vol. 42, br. 2, 2021, str. 227-243. https://hrcak.srce.hr/255259. Citirano 10.04.2021.
Chicago 17th Edition
Mologni, Omar, Luca Marchi, C. Kevin Lyons, Stefano Grigolato, Raffaele Cavalli i Dominik Röser. "Skyline Tensile Forces in Cable Logging: Field Observations vs. Software Calculations." Croatian Journal of Forest Engineering 42, br. 2 (2021): 227-243. https://hrcak.srce.hr/255259
Harvard
Mologni, O., et al. (2021). 'Skyline Tensile Forces in Cable Logging: Field Observations vs. Software Calculations', Croatian Journal of Forest Engineering, 42(2), str. 227-243. Preuzeto s: https://hrcak.srce.hr/255259 (Datum pristupa: 10.04.2021.)
Vancouver
Mologni O, Marchi L, Lyons CK, Grigolato S, Cavalli R, Röser D. Skyline Tensile Forces in Cable Logging: Field Observations vs. Software Calculations. Croatian Journal of Forest Engineering [Internet]. 2021 [pristupljeno 10.04.2021.];42(2):227-243. Dostupno na: https://hrcak.srce.hr/255259
IEEE
O. Mologni, L. Marchi, C.K. Lyons, S. Grigolato, R. Cavalli i D. Röser, "Skyline Tensile Forces in Cable Logging: Field Observations vs. Software Calculations", Croatian Journal of Forest Engineering, vol.42, br. 2, str. 227-243, 2021. [Online]. Dostupno na: https://hrcak.srce.hr/255259. [Citirano: 10.04.2021.]

Sažetak
Skyline tensile forces have been shown to frequently exceed the recommended safety limits during ordinary cable logging operations. Several models for skyline engineering analyses have been proposed. Although skyline tensile forces assume a dynamic behaviour, practical solutions are based on a static approach without consideration of the dynamic nature of the cable systems. The aim of this study was to compare field data of skyline tensile forces with the static calculations derived by dedicated available software such as SkylineXL. To overcome the limitation of static calculation, this work also aimed to simulate the actual response of the tensile fluctuations measured in the real environment by mean of a finite element model (FEM). Field observations of skyline tensile forces included 103 work cycles, recorded over four different cable lines in standing skyline configuration. Payload estimations, carriages positions, and time study of the logging operations were also collected in the field. The ground profiles and the cable line geometries were analysed using digital elevation models. The field data were then used to simulate the work cycles in SkylineXL. The dynamic response of six fully-suspended loads in a single-span cable line was also simulated by a dedicated FEM built through ANSYS ®. The observed data and the software calculations were then compared. SkylineXL resulted particularly reliable in the prediction of the actual tensile forces, with RMSE ranging between 7.5 and 13.5 KN, linked to an average CV(RMSE) of 7.24%. The reliability in predicting the peak tensile forces was lower, reporting CV(RMSE) of 10.12%, but still not likely resulting in a safety or performance problem. If properly set-up and used, thus, SkylineXL could be considered appropriate for operational and practical purposes. This work, however, showed that finite element models could be successfully used for detailed analysis and simulation of the skyline tensile forces, including the dynamic oscillations due to the motion of the carriage and payload along the cable line. Further developments of this technique could also lead to the physical simulation and analysis of the log-to-ground interaction and the investigation of the breakout force during lateral skidding.

Ključne riječi
cable yarding, skyline layout, tension, SkylineXL, finite element model

Hrčak ID: 255259

URI
https://hrcak.srce.hr/255259

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