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Original scientific paper

Investigation of milk quality after removal of AFM1 using lactic acid bacteria and beta-glucan

Željka Pavlek ; Teaching Institute of Public Health "Andrija Štampar"
Jasna Bošnir ; Teaching Institute of Public Health "Andrija Štampar"; University of applied health sciences, Zagreb
Martina Ivešić ; Teaching Institute of Public Health "Andrija Štampar"
Sonja Serdar ; Teaching Institute of Public Health "Andrija Štampar"
Željka Kuharić ; Teaching Institute of Public Health "Andrija Štampar"
Željko Jakopović ; University of Zagreb, Faculty of food and food technology
Jadranka Frece ; University of Zagreb, Faculty of food and food technology
Ksenija Markov ; University of Zagreb, Faculty of food and food technology
Iva Čanak ; University of Zagreb, Faculty of food and food technology
Aleksandar Racz ; University of applied health sciences, Zagreb

Fulltext: english, pdf (477 KB) pages 5-12 downloads: 71* cite
APA 6th Edition
Pavlek, Ž., Bošnir, J., Ivešić, M., Serdar, S., Kuharić, Ž., Jakopović, Ž., ... Racz, A. (2021). Investigation of milk quality after removal of AFM1 using lactic acid bacteria and beta-glucan. Medica Jadertina, 51 (1), 5-12. Retrieved from https://hrcak.srce.hr/256558
MLA 8th Edition
Pavlek, Željka, et al. "Investigation of milk quality after removal of AFM1 using lactic acid bacteria and beta-glucan." Medica Jadertina, vol. 51, no. 1, 2021, pp. 5-12. https://hrcak.srce.hr/256558. Accessed 24 Oct. 2021.
Chicago 17th Edition
Pavlek, Željka, Jasna Bošnir, Martina Ivešić, Sonja Serdar, Željka Kuharić, Željko Jakopović, Jadranka Frece, Ksenija Markov, Iva Čanak and Aleksandar Racz. "Investigation of milk quality after removal of AFM1 using lactic acid bacteria and beta-glucan." Medica Jadertina 51, no. 1 (2021): 5-12. https://hrcak.srce.hr/256558
Harvard
Pavlek, Ž., et al. (2021). 'Investigation of milk quality after removal of AFM1 using lactic acid bacteria and beta-glucan', Medica Jadertina, 51(1), pp. 5-12. Available at: https://hrcak.srce.hr/256558 (Accessed 24 October 2021)
Vancouver
Pavlek Ž, Bošnir J, Ivešić M, Serdar S, Kuharić Ž, Jakopović Ž, et al. Investigation of milk quality after removal of AFM1 using lactic acid bacteria and beta-glucan. Medica Jadertina [Internet]. 2021 [cited 2021 October 24];51(1):5-12. Available from: https://hrcak.srce.hr/256558
IEEE
Ž. Pavlek, et al., "Investigation of milk quality after removal of AFM1 using lactic acid bacteria and beta-glucan", Medica Jadertina, vol.51, no. 1, pp. 5-12, 2021. [Online]. Available: https://hrcak.srce.hr/256558. [Accessed: 24 October 2021]

Abstracts
Contamination of milk with aflatoxin M1 (AFM1) is related to the feed for milking cows, which is contaminated with aflatoxin B1 (AFB1). Feed AFB1 converts to AFM1 by dehydrogenation. In this study, we used Lactic acid bacteria (LAB) isolated from raw milk and its products and commercial or laboratory-made beta-glucan isolated from yeast and oats to establish how these mycotoxin binders affect the quality of sterilised, long-life, 2.8% fat milk contaminated with 0.05 mg/L of AFM1. We took the content of fats, carbohydrates, sugars (lactose), and proteins, and the calculated energy values for quality parameters. The mean energy value of the milk treated with AFM1 binders ranged between 85.7% and 101.5% of the control, untreated milk, whereas the fat content ranged between 65.3% and 100.7%. The protein content ranged between 64.4% and 101.1%, carbohydrates between 83.1% and 103%, and lactose between 76.3% and 100.8%. The results indicated a good possibility of binding of AFM1 with Lactobacilus plantarum bacteria, and 0.01% of β-glucan from oats was 0.005% of β-glucan isolated from yeast from Saccharomyces cerevisiae 20. These findings suggest that milk treated with these binders can be processed further and that its treatment significantly reduces the risk of exposure through diet and the related economic damage.

Keywords
milk; aflatoxin M1; mycotoxin binders; quality of milk

Hrčak ID: 256558

URI
https://hrcak.srce.hr/256558

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