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POLITICAL PLURALISM AND CONSTITUTIONAL/LEGAL STATUS OF POLITICAL PARTIES

Dragutin Lalović ; Faculty of Political Science, University of Zagreb, Zagreb, Croatia

Puni tekst: hrvatski, pdf (226 KB) str. 21-32 preuzimanja: 967* citiraj
APA 6th Edition
Lalović, D. (2001). Politički pluralizam i ustavnopravni status političkih stranaka. Politička misao, 38 (4), 21-32. Preuzeto s https://hrcak.srce.hr/24332
MLA 8th Edition
Lalović, Dragutin. "Politički pluralizam i ustavnopravni status političkih stranaka." Politička misao, vol. 38, br. 4, 2001, str. 21-32. https://hrcak.srce.hr/24332. Citirano 24.09.2020.
Chicago 17th Edition
Lalović, Dragutin. "Politički pluralizam i ustavnopravni status političkih stranaka." Politička misao 38, br. 4 (2001): 21-32. https://hrcak.srce.hr/24332
Harvard
Lalović, D. (2001). 'Politički pluralizam i ustavnopravni status političkih stranaka', Politička misao, 38(4), str. 21-32. Preuzeto s: https://hrcak.srce.hr/24332 (Datum pristupa: 24.09.2020.)
Vancouver
Lalović D. Politički pluralizam i ustavnopravni status političkih stranaka. Politička misao [Internet]. 2001 [pristupljeno 24.09.2020.];38(4):21-32. Dostupno na: https://hrcak.srce.hr/24332
IEEE
D. Lalović, "Politički pluralizam i ustavnopravni status političkih stranaka", Politička misao, vol.38, br. 4, str. 21-32, 2001. [Online]. Dostupno na: https://hrcak.srce.hr/24332. [Citirano: 24.09.2020.]

Sažetak
Constitutional-formative status of political parties and political pluralism has a major impact on shaping political will in democracies. Croatia, as a country caught in the process of a (democratic and liberal) transition to democracy, must carefully contemplate how to constitutionally institutionalize i.e. legally secure recognition for political parties as the key actors in shaping peoples’ political will, but at the same time by laws to legally and precisely restrain the scope and methods of their activity. In line with this, the author analyses and evaluates the experience of the Italian First republic and the French Fifth republic. Namely, the constitutional standardization of political parties in those regimes took place in, for us, comparable social and political circumstances of the so-called extreme and polarized pluralism which, according to Sartori, inevitably leads to a deeplyseated crisis or even a civil war. While the Italian Constitution of 1947 recognizes that centrifugal type of political pluralism, the French Constitution of the Fifth republic of 1958 envisages the function of its political parties in the same manner in order to overcome the polarized pluralism of the Fourth republic. The Italian Constitution defines political parties as instruments above the state, providing guidance (“they determine the national politics”), while the French Constitution reduces their function to the electoral process and stipulates that they have to respect national sovereignty i.e. they have to be a “democratic” influence in the state, ancillary political participants in the democratic political process. The constitutional changes which established the Croatian Third republic meant that the French institutional arrangement (semi-presidential plurality system) was renounced as a way of overcoming the party dynamics of polarizational type. If the French Fifth republic was a response to the impasse of the Fourth republic’s “regime of parties”, why was Croatia’s Second republic (1990-2000) forsworn and the Third republic instituted, modelled after the unequivocally failed regime of the French Fourth republic?

Ključne riječi
democratic state; Croatia’s Third republic; Fifth republic; political pluralism; political parties; constitution

Hrčak ID: 24332

URI
https://hrcak.srce.hr/24332

[hrvatski]

Posjeta: 1.920 *