APA 6th Edition Stipčević, T., Pivac, N., Kozarić-Kovačić, D. i Mück-Šeler, D. (2008). Thyroid Activity in Patients with Major Depression. Collegium antropologicum, 32 (2), 315-318. Preuzeto s https://hrcak.srce.hr/27203
MLA 8th Edition Stipčević, Tamara, et al. "Thyroid Activity in Patients with Major Depression." Collegium antropologicum, vol. 32, br. 2, 2008, str. 315-318. https://hrcak.srce.hr/27203. Citirano 18.11.2019.
Chicago 17th Edition Stipčević, Tamara, Nela Pivac, Dragica Kozarić-Kovačić i Dorotea Mück-Šeler. "Thyroid Activity in Patients with Major Depression." Collegium antropologicum 32, br. 2 (2008): 315-318. https://hrcak.srce.hr/27203
Harvard Stipčević, T., et al. (2008). 'Thyroid Activity in Patients with Major Depression', Collegium antropologicum, 32(2), str. 315-318. Preuzeto s: https://hrcak.srce.hr/27203 (Datum pristupa: 18.11.2019.)
Vancouver Stipčević T, Pivac N, Kozarić-Kovačić D, Mück-Šeler D. Thyroid Activity in Patients with Major Depression. Collegium antropologicum [Internet]. 2008 [pristupljeno 18.11.2019.];32(2):315-318. Dostupno na: https://hrcak.srce.hr/27203
IEEE T. Stipčević, N. Pivac, D. Kozarić-Kovačić i D. Mück-Šeler, "Thyroid Activity in Patients with Major Depression", Collegium antropologicum, vol.32, br. 2, str. 315-318, 2008. [Online]. Dostupno na: https://hrcak.srce.hr/27203. [Citirano: 18.11.2019.]
Sažetak Hypothalamus-pituitary-thyroid (HPT) axis dysfunction has been associated with pathophysiology of major depression.
The aim of the study was to determine serum levels of total 3,5,3’-triiodothyronine (T3), total thyroxine (T4) and
thyroid-stimulating-hormone (TSH) in patients with major depression and healthy controls. The study included 53
medication-free patients with depression and 49 healthy controls. Exclusion criteria for patients was: other axis-I and
axis-II diagnoses, intensive psychotherapy or electroconvulsive therapy, prior clinical and/or laboratory evidence of hypoor
hyperthyroidism, alcohol or nicotine dependence, pregnancy, hormone supplement therapy, somatic illnesses (diabetes,
renal or hepatic disorders), infections or autoimmune diseases, recent surgical treatment or significantly changed
body weight. For controls: the presence of psychiatric disorders and/or thyroid dysfunctions. The diagnosis of major depression
was made using structured clinical interview based on DSM-IV criteria. The results showed significantly lower
T3 and TSH levels in patients compared to controls. There was no significant difference in T4 values between patients
with depression and control subjects. The results showing altered levels of thyroid hormones in depression indicate that
further research on thyroid hormone activity can contribute to the better understanding of the biological basis of depression.
Based on the high frequency of the subtle neuroendocrine disorders coexisting with depression, the association of
thyroid abnormalities and depression should not be underestimated. Future research should identify different behavioral
endophenotypes characteristic for depression, which would greatly facilitate delineating the biological phenomena
associated with this psychiatric illness.