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Chemical Disarmament: Current Problems in Implementing the Chemical Weapons Convention

J. Matoušek

Puni tekst: engleski, pdf (463 KB) str. 135-140 preuzimanja: 269* citiraj
APA 6th Edition
Matoušek, J. (2006). Chemical Disarmament: Current Problems in Implementing the Chemical Weapons Convention. Kemija u industriji, 55 (3), 135-140. Preuzeto s https://hrcak.srce.hr/2741
MLA 8th Edition
Matoušek, J.. "Chemical Disarmament: Current Problems in Implementing the Chemical Weapons Convention." Kemija u industriji, vol. 55, br. 3, 2006, str. 135-140. https://hrcak.srce.hr/2741. Citirano 15.07.2019.
Chicago 17th Edition
Matoušek, J.. "Chemical Disarmament: Current Problems in Implementing the Chemical Weapons Convention." Kemija u industriji 55, br. 3 (2006): 135-140. https://hrcak.srce.hr/2741
Harvard
Matoušek, J. (2006). 'Chemical Disarmament: Current Problems in Implementing the Chemical Weapons Convention', Kemija u industriji, 55(3), str. 135-140. Preuzeto s: https://hrcak.srce.hr/2741 (Datum pristupa: 15.07.2019.)
Vancouver
Matoušek J. Chemical Disarmament: Current Problems in Implementing the Chemical Weapons Convention. Kemija u industriji [Internet]. 2006 [pristupljeno 15.07.2019.];55(3):135-140. Dostupno na: https://hrcak.srce.hr/2741
IEEE
J. Matoušek, "Chemical Disarmament: Current Problems in Implementing the Chemical Weapons Convention", Kemija u industriji, vol.55, br. 3, str. 135-140, 2006. [Online]. Dostupno na: https://hrcak.srce.hr/2741. [Citirano: 15.07.2019.]

Sažetak
The Chemical Weapons Convention (CWC) is briefly characterised by stressing its main pillars, such as verified destruction ofCWstockpiles and destruction/conversion ofCWproduction facilities (CWPFs), verified non-production of CW by the chemical industries, assistance and protection), and international cooperation. The CWC´s leading principle in defining theCW(protecting it generally against scientific and technological development, i. e. so called General Purpose Criterion) is thoroughly elucidated showing its relation to the CWC´s sophisticated verification system. Status of implementation (as of August 2005) shows main data obligatory declared by the States Parties (SP), among them 6 possessors of CW stockpiles (Russia, USA, India, South Korea, Albania and Libya). From the declared 71 373 agent-tons, 12 889 have been destroyed, from the declared 8 679 M items of munitions (containers), 2 420 have been destroyed, which means that the anticipated 10 years deadline for CW destruction (after entry into force – EIF) will be not managed. For Russia and USA the allowed extension by another 5 years has been already agreed. From the 64 CWPFs (operational after 1946), declared by 12 SPs, 53 have been certified as destroyed/converted. The Organisation for the Prohibition of Chemical Weapons (OPCW) is briefly presented and main results of the First Review Conference (2003) analysed on the base of the adopted principal documents. Future problems of implementing the CWC are connected in the first line with its universality, because among 16 non-SPs, several countries (located mainly in the Near East and on the Korean peninsula) are presumed to be CW-possessors. Special emphasis is laid on both, threats and benefits of the scientific and technological development for current implementing the CWC as well as of its implementation in future after all CW stockpiles have been destroyed.

Ključne riječi
Chemical weapons (CW); Chemical Weapons Convention (CWC); Organisation for the Prohibition of Chemical Weapons (OPCW); 1st Review Conference; Scientific & technological development

Hrčak ID: 2741

URI
https://hrcak.srce.hr/2741

[hrvatski]

Posjeta: 794 *