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Original scientific paper

Diachronic Investigations of False Friends

Vlatko Broz ; Filozofski fakultet u Zagrebu

Fulltext: english, pdf (336 KB) pages 199-222 downloads: 3.179* cite
APA 6th Edition
Broz, V. (2008). Diachronic Investigations of False Friends. Suvremena lingvistika, 66 (2), 199-222. Retrieved from
MLA 8th Edition
Broz, Vlatko. "Diachronic Investigations of False Friends." Suvremena lingvistika, vol. 66, no. 2, 2008, pp. 199-222. Accessed 27 Nov. 2021.
Chicago 17th Edition
Broz, Vlatko. "Diachronic Investigations of False Friends." Suvremena lingvistika 66, no. 2 (2008): 199-222.
Broz, V. (2008). 'Diachronic Investigations of False Friends', Suvremena lingvistika, 66(2), pp. 199-222. Available at: (Accessed 27 November 2021)
Broz V. Diachronic Investigations of False Friends. Suvremena lingvistika [Internet]. 2008 [cited 2021 November 27];66(2):199-222. Available from:
V. Broz, "Diachronic Investigations of False Friends", Suvremena lingvistika, vol.66, no. 2, pp. 199-222, 2008. [Online]. Available: [Accessed: 27 November 2021]

A number of internationalisms originating from Latin have different meanings in English
from their cognates in other European languages. This paper presents the results of an investigation
of words such as actually, eventually, etiquette, fabric, billion, chef, preservative,
sensible, sympathetic, biscuit in Oxford English Dictionary. All these words have retained
more or less the same meaning in German, Spanish and Croatian (each taken in this research
as a representative of three major linguistic branches of the Indo–European language
family), whereas English shows a departure from the original meaning. The causes for the
shift in meaning are explained through the cognitive mechanisms of metonymy and metaphor
and a tentative period is determined when these semantic changes were under way in
the course of the development of the English language.

false friends (linguistics); internationalisms; diachronic semantics; cognitive linguistics

Hrčak ID: 30555



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