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Original scientific paper

Primary school child development – issues of socioeconomic status

Zsófia Mészáros ; Faculty of Physical Education and Sport Sciences, Semmelweis University, Budapest, Hungary
János Mészáros ; Faculty of Physical Education and Sport Sciences, Semmelweis University, Budapest, Hungary
Márta B. Szmodis ; Faculty of Physical Education and Sport Sciences, Semmelweis University, Budapest, Hungary
Polydoros Pampakas ; Faculty of Physical Education and Sport Sciences, Semmelweis University, Budapest, Hungary
Péter Osváth ; Faculty of Physical Education and Sport Sciences, Semmelweis University, Budapest, Hungary
Eszter Völgyi ; Faculty of Physical Education and Sport Sciences, Semmelweis University, Budapest, Hungary

Fulltext: english, pdf (229 KB) pages 154-162 downloads: 742* cite
APA 6th Edition
Mészáros, Z., Mészáros, J., Szmodis, M.B., Pampakas, P., Osváth, P. & Völgyi, E. (2008). Primary school child development – issues of socioeconomic status. Kinesiology, 40 (2), 154-162. Retrieved from https://hrcak.srce.hr/30815
MLA 8th Edition
Mészáros, Zsófia, et al. "Primary school child development – issues of socioeconomic status." Kinesiology, vol. 40, no. 2, 2008, pp. 154-162. https://hrcak.srce.hr/30815. Accessed 1 Apr. 2020.
Chicago 17th Edition
Mészáros, Zsófia, János Mészáros, Márta B. Szmodis, Polydoros Pampakas, Péter Osváth and Eszter Völgyi. "Primary school child development – issues of socioeconomic status." Kinesiology 40, no. 2 (2008): 154-162. https://hrcak.srce.hr/30815
Harvard
Mészáros, Z., et al. (2008). 'Primary school child development – issues of socioeconomic status', Kinesiology, 40(2), pp. 154-162. Available at: https://hrcak.srce.hr/30815 (Accessed 01 April 2020)
Vancouver
Mészáros Z, Mészáros J, Szmodis MB, Pampakas P, Osváth P, Völgyi E. Primary school child development – issues of socioeconomic status. Kinesiology [Internet]. 2008 [cited 2020 April 01];40(2):154-162. Available from: https://hrcak.srce.hr/30815
IEEE
Z. Mészáros, J. Mészáros, M.B. Szmodis, P. Pampakas, P. Osváth and E. Völgyi, "Primary school child development – issues of socioeconomic status", Kinesiology, vol.40, no. 2, pp. 154-162, 2008. [Online]. Available: https://hrcak.srce.hr/30815. [Accessed: 01 April 2020]

Abstracts
The aim of our four-year longitudinal survey was to compare the somatic and motor development of 7-year-old girls growing up in families that need continuous municipal financial support, respectively to the ones not needing it. Eight consecutive data collections were carried out in three geographic and economic regions of Hungary from 2003 to 2007. The study group (receiving financial support because of low socioeconomic status during the whole observation period) contained 152 girls and the comparison one (no financial support) consisted of 343 female peers. To receive regular financial support because of low socioeconomic status (SES) a family has to meet one of the five criteria prescribed by the law and used in the official statistics for the status of families. Between-observations differences were tested by repeated measures ANOVA (8 data collection sessions by 7 variables). In the case of a significant F-test the Tukey’s post-hoc tests were used. Between-groups differences were analysed by independent t-tests. Age dependence was also studied by linear regression analysis that might serve for extrapolation in the phase of linear growth before the observed youngest age, but not for those older than the oldest observed age. In the case of a significant correlation the differences between the standardized curves (Betas) were analysed by t-tests using the standard errors of the coefficients. The level of effective random error was set at 5% in all significance tests. Body height and body weight arithmetic means were consistently and significantly greater in the comparison group. The weight means were proportionate to the taller stature. Consequently, the means of BMI and weight-related body fat content were statistically the same. The children of the low SES performed worse in speed, explosive strength (power) and speed endurance estimated by three motor tests. Other conditions being equal to the observed differences were attributable to the poor economic conditions affecting the study group already before and during the observation period. Nevertheless, it was not an absolute but a long-lasting relative sort of malnutrition (inadequate intake of protein, vitamin, etc.) that most likely affected the children from the low socioeconomic status group.

Keywords
longitudinal study; body dimensions; body mass index; fat percentage; motor performance

Hrčak ID: 30815

URI
https://hrcak.srce.hr/30815

[croatian]

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