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Christians in Historical Changes of XX. Century in Croatia

Jakov JUKIĆ ; Catholic Faculty of Theology, University of Split, Split, Croatia

Puni tekst: hrvatski, pdf (12 MB) str. 227-255 preuzimanja: 431* citiraj
APA 6th Edition
JUKIĆ, J. (1996). Kršćani u povijesnim prekretnicama XX. stoljeća u Hrvatskoj. Bogoslovska smotra, 66 (2-3), 227-255. Preuzeto s
MLA 8th Edition
JUKIĆ, Jakov. "Kršćani u povijesnim prekretnicama XX. stoljeća u Hrvatskoj." Bogoslovska smotra, vol. 66, br. 2-3, 1996, str. 227-255. Citirano 19.01.2021.
Chicago 17th Edition
JUKIĆ, Jakov. "Kršćani u povijesnim prekretnicama XX. stoljeća u Hrvatskoj." Bogoslovska smotra 66, br. 2-3 (1996): 227-255.
JUKIĆ, J. (1996). 'Kršćani u povijesnim prekretnicama XX. stoljeća u Hrvatskoj', Bogoslovska smotra, 66(2-3), str. 227-255. Preuzeto s: (Datum pristupa: 19.01.2021.)
JUKIĆ J. Kršćani u povijesnim prekretnicama XX. stoljeća u Hrvatskoj. Bogoslovska smotra [Internet]. 1996 [pristupljeno 19.01.2021.];66(2-3):227-255. Dostupno na:
J. JUKIĆ, "Kršćani u povijesnim prekretnicama XX. stoljeća u Hrvatskoj", Bogoslovska smotra, vol.66, br. 2-3, str. 227-255, 1996. [Online]. Dostupno na: [Citirano: 19.01.2021.]

To present a hundred years of Catholic life in Croatia is neither easy nor even short term problem. Generations are working on it. From our standpoint, right now, against this enterprise three things are stemming: shortage of systematical classified historical material, prejudice that the Catholic view was always united, and inappropriateness in condemning or in praising past congregation. In spite of that, some consideration is possible more as a suggestion, than as a firm scientific conclusion. As we assume, they could take some turning point into consideration: bringing the process loan end of 'national liberation from Austro-Hungarian monarchy; formation the first Yugoslavia and living in it; founding Independent State of Croatia and its disintegration; formation of the second Yugoslavia with shaping its communist order and its collapse; war; realization of sovereignty and post communist problems.
In each of these turning points Croatian Catholics took their share, either confronting or accepting their approach. We are trying to penetrate into thought and attitude of Catholics of that time more to draw out some conclusions to learn something than to judge them. Discussion about political level of these events started after historical level passed. It shows up as conflict between autocracy and democracy. Under the influence of historical turning points, conflict between autocracy and democracy - on the social level, than, - is expressed as conflict between tradition and modernity. In both cases Catholics were taking their part justifying their choice with reasons of their Christianity.
Next turning point is ideological. Within a hundred years of XX. century Croatian Catholics faced three radical different ideologies: liberalism, communism and nazism. They behaved differently under those ideologies although in theory they rejected and condemned all three of them. At last, on religious level happened only one event which we can name as turning point. It was the Second Vatican Council. Surely, this fifth event, closely watched, in many ways contradicts all those earlier mentioned: those on the historical, political and social and ideological level. Therefore about a hundred years of Catholicism in Croatia is a full of meaning and teaching that are expressed in comparing with all three turning points. Further, Croatian Catholicism - grown up on historical, social and political controversies - needs to confront type of Catholicism found in European and other world trends, thought and attitude we are approaching, and connecting on.

Ključne riječi
Croatian Catholicism; ideology; authority; democracy; the Second Vatican Council; history; Catholic Church

Hrčak ID: 32460



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