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Effect of deposition substances on the quality of throughfall and soil solution of pedunculate oak and common hornbeam forest

BORIS VRBEK ; Department of Ecology and Silviculture, Forest Research Institute, Jastrebarsko, Cvjetno naselje 41, 10450 Jastrebarsko, Croatia
IVAN PILAŠ ; Department of Ecology and Silviculture, Forest Research Institute, Jastrebarsko, Cvjetno naselje 41, 10450 Jastrebarsko, Croatia
TOMISLAV DUBRAVAC ; Department of Ecology and Silviculture, Forest Research Institute, Trnjanska 35, 10000 Zagreb, Croatia
VLADIMIR NOVOTNY ; Department of Forest Management and Forest Economics, Forest Research Institute, Trnjanska 35, 10000 Zagreb, Croatia
STJEPAN DEKANIĆ ; Department of Ecology and Silviculture, Forest Research Institute, Trnjanska 35, 10000 Zagreb, Croatia

Puni tekst: engleski, pdf (249 KB) str. 269-275 preuzimanja: 385* citiraj
APA 6th Edition
VRBEK, B., PILAŠ, I., DUBRAVAC, T., NOVOTNY, V. i DEKANIĆ, S. (2008). Effect of deposition substances on the quality of throughfall and soil solution of pedunculate oak and common hornbeam forest. Periodicum biologorum, 110 (3), 269-275. Preuzeto s https://hrcak.srce.hr/32583
MLA 8th Edition
VRBEK, BORIS, et al. "Effect of deposition substances on the quality of throughfall and soil solution of pedunculate oak and common hornbeam forest." Periodicum biologorum, vol. 110, br. 3, 2008, str. 269-275. https://hrcak.srce.hr/32583. Citirano 18.09.2020.
Chicago 17th Edition
VRBEK, BORIS, IVAN PILAŠ, TOMISLAV DUBRAVAC, VLADIMIR NOVOTNY i STJEPAN DEKANIĆ. "Effect of deposition substances on the quality of throughfall and soil solution of pedunculate oak and common hornbeam forest." Periodicum biologorum 110, br. 3 (2008): 269-275. https://hrcak.srce.hr/32583
Harvard
VRBEK, B., et al. (2008). 'Effect of deposition substances on the quality of throughfall and soil solution of pedunculate oak and common hornbeam forest', Periodicum biologorum, 110(3), str. 269-275. Preuzeto s: https://hrcak.srce.hr/32583 (Datum pristupa: 18.09.2020.)
Vancouver
VRBEK B, PILAŠ I, DUBRAVAC T, NOVOTNY V, DEKANIĆ S. Effect of deposition substances on the quality of throughfall and soil solution of pedunculate oak and common hornbeam forest. Periodicum biologorum [Internet]. 2008 [pristupljeno 18.09.2020.];110(3):269-275. Dostupno na: https://hrcak.srce.hr/32583
IEEE
B. VRBEK, I. PILAŠ, T. DUBRAVAC, V. NOVOTNY i S. DEKANIĆ, "Effect of deposition substances on the quality of throughfall and soil solution of pedunculate oak and common hornbeam forest", Periodicum biologorum, vol.110, br. 3, str. 269-275, 2008. [Online]. Dostupno na: https://hrcak.srce.hr/32583. [Citirano: 18.09.2020.]

Sažetak
Abstract

Background and Purpose: Soil pollution is one of the important stress factors which lead to vitality decrease and forest dieback. For this reason, monitoring of the flux of pollutants into the soil is important activity in forestmanagement and protection. This type of monitoring, comprising quantity and quality of throughfall and soil solution in Croatian lowland forests, was started in 1991 in the Forest Research Institute Jastrebarsko, following the ICP Forest method (International Cooperative Programme on Assessment and Monitoring of Air Pollution on Forests).

Materials and Methods: This paper relates to monitoring whichwas established on 3 sample plots in pedunculate oak and common hornbeam forests (Carpino betuli-Quercetum roboris, Anić 56/emed. Rauš 1969), in the regions of Bjelovarska Česma, Pokupski Basin and Repaš (all in NW Croatia). Rain-gauges and bulks were set up on the plots under tree crowns, as well as in open space without vegetation (for the purpose of control). Modified Ebermayer lysimeters were installed in the soil profile under the humus horizon at 10–20 cm, and in the mineral part of soil at a depth of 100 cm. The field sampling was carried out once a month, and selected ions were analyzed in the water (K+,Na+, Ca2+,Mg2+,NH4+–N, Cl–,NO3––N,SO4 2––S).

Results: The results indicate an increase in the amount of deposited substances in forest ecosystems. According to analyses most chloride was found in lysimeters at a depth of 10 and 100 cm in the region of the Pokupski Basin; followed by Česma and then Repaš. Most SO4 2––S reached lysimeters at a depth of 10 cm in all regions i.e., in Repaš, followed by Česma and Pokupski. An increase in sulfur also occurred in lysimeters at a depth of 100 cm in the region of Pokupski and Česma, with smaller increase recorded at Repaš. Increase of NO3 ––N was highest at a depth of 10 cm in the regions of Česma and Pokupski. Contents of sodium and chlorine increased most in the region of the Pokupski Basin, in a lysimeter at a depth of 100 cm. Potassium on average was most abundant at Česma in lysimeters at a depth of 10 cm, and somewhat less in the region of Pokupski and Repaš. Calcium on average wasmost found in the region of Česma, in lysimeters at a depth of 100 cm, which can be explained by the increased amount of CaCO3 in deep layers of soil profile. Magnesium was most registered in Česma at a depth of 100 cm, and then at a depth of 10 cm. A somewhat smaller increase occurred in the Pokupski Basin.

Conclusions: All three regions are characterized by significant acidification of forest soils, caused by leaching of air pollutants from tree leaves. Chemical composition of soil solution is disturbed due to increased content of chloride, sulfuric and nitrogenous compounds. The buffer capacity of soils was not the same on all three studied regions (minimum at Pokupski Basin and maximum at Repaš), which as the probable consequence of site-specific differences in soil characteristics.

Ključne riječi
soil; lysimeters; soil solution; forest of pedunculate oak and common hornbeam

Hrčak ID: 32583

URI
https://hrcak.srce.hr/32583

Posjeta: 620 *