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Quality Assurance in Aquatic Biology - A User’s Perspective

Peter R. Hale

Puni tekst: engleski, pdf (92 KB) str. 371-378 preuzimanja: 771* citiraj
APA 6th Edition
Hale, P.R. (1998). Quality Assurance in Aquatic Biology - A User’s Perspective. Arhiv za higijenu rada i toksikologiju, 49 (4), 371-378. Preuzeto s https://hrcak.srce.hr/3274
MLA 8th Edition
Hale, Peter R.. "Quality Assurance in Aquatic Biology - A User’s Perspective." Arhiv za higijenu rada i toksikologiju, vol. 49, br. 4, 1998, str. 371-378. https://hrcak.srce.hr/3274. Citirano 24.06.2019.
Chicago 17th Edition
Hale, Peter R.. "Quality Assurance in Aquatic Biology - A User’s Perspective." Arhiv za higijenu rada i toksikologiju 49, br. 4 (1998): 371-378. https://hrcak.srce.hr/3274
Harvard
Hale, P.R. (1998). 'Quality Assurance in Aquatic Biology - A User’s Perspective', Arhiv za higijenu rada i toksikologiju, 49(4), str. 371-378. Preuzeto s: https://hrcak.srce.hr/3274 (Datum pristupa: 24.06.2019.)
Vancouver
Hale PR. Quality Assurance in Aquatic Biology - A User’s Perspective. Arh Hig Rada Toksikol. [Internet]. 1998 [pristupljeno 24.06.2019.];49(4):371-378. Dostupno na: https://hrcak.srce.hr/3274
IEEE
P.R. Hale, "Quality Assurance in Aquatic Biology - A User’s Perspective", Arhiv za higijenu rada i toksikologiju, vol.49, br. 4, str. 371-378, 1998. [Online]. Dostupno na: https://hrcak.srce.hr/3274. [Citirano: 24.06.2019.]

Sažetak
The essential elements of developing biological quality assurance systems are presented in terms of the 4M principles. These relate to methods, manpower, materials, and machines.
The use of international or European standards is recommended where such standards exist. Users must be sure that these are appropriate to their specific needs as standardisation can require considerable compromise. Examples of limitations in international standards are given with reference to the coliform isolation by membrane filtration, Daphnia magna acute toxicity test and the luminescent bacteria test. The criteria for the selection and use of national methodologies are considered using macroinvertebrate, macrophytes, imposex, and the oyster embryo bioassay as examples.
In recognising that the main resource in science is the skill, training, and dedication of the scientists themselves, the United Kingdom has developed a quality initiative aimed at best utilising the human resource, the so-called Investors in People (IIP) initiative. This contains the essential elements of any quality system: commitment, planning, action, and evaluation. Quality aspects of the materials and the machines used in biological analyses are briefly considered.

Ključne riječi
aquatic biology; audit; investitors in People; machines; manpower; materials; methods; quality assurance; standardisation

Hrčak ID: 3274

URI
https://hrcak.srce.hr/3274

[hrvatski]

Posjeta: 1.082 *