hrcak mascot   Srce   HID

Professional paper

Health Effects of Pyretrins and Pyrethroids

Jelena Macan
Veda Marija Varnai
Rajka Turk

Fulltext: croatian, pdf (71 KB) pages 237-243 downloads: 9.544* cite
APA 6th Edition
Macan, J., Varnai, V.M. & Turk, R. (2006). Zdravstveni učinci piretrina i piretroida. Arhiv za higijenu rada i toksikologiju, 57 (2), 237-243. Retrieved from
MLA 8th Edition
Macan, Jelena, et al. "Zdravstveni učinci piretrina i piretroida." Arhiv za higijenu rada i toksikologiju, vol. 57, no. 2, 2006, pp. 237-243. Accessed 17 Oct. 2019.
Chicago 17th Edition
Macan, Jelena, Veda Marija Varnai and Rajka Turk. "Zdravstveni učinci piretrina i piretroida." Arhiv za higijenu rada i toksikologiju 57, no. 2 (2006): 237-243.
Macan, J., Varnai, V.M., and Turk, R. (2006). 'Zdravstveni učinci piretrina i piretroida', Arhiv za higijenu rada i toksikologiju, 57(2), pp. 237-243. Available at: (Accessed 17 October 2019)
Macan J, Varnai VM, Turk R. Zdravstveni učinci piretrina i piretroida. Arh Hig Rada Toksikol. [Internet]. 2006 [cited 2019 October 17];57(2):237-243. Available from:
J. Macan, V.M. Varnai and R. Turk, "Zdravstveni učinci piretrina i piretroida", Arhiv za higijenu rada i toksikologiju, vol.57, no. 2, pp. 237-243, 2006. [Online]. Available: [Accessed: 17 October 2019]

Pyrethrins, natural extracts of Chrysanthemum cinerariaefolium and Chrysanthemum cocineum flowers, and pyrethroids, synthetic analogues and derivatives of pyrethrins, are powerful insecticides. They are widely used in households and insect control in pets or livestock, in textiles such as carpets, wallpapers, furniture and clothes, as well as in agriculture, forestry and public health services. This article brings a list of pyrethrin and pyrethroid insecticides registered for use in plant protection in Croatia. Pyrethrins and pyrethroids can enter the organism by ingestion (accidental or suicidal ingestion or in food), by inhalation and/or by skin contact. Although these pesticides pose a relatively low risk to mammals due to rapid metabolism with no significant accumulation, they can induce adverse health effects, more often in acute poisoning, but also due to chronic exposure. The primary target of pyrethrin and pyrethroid toxicity is the nervous system, since they act directly on the sodium channels of nerve cell axons, leading to hyperexcitation. Another important toxicological mechanism is allergenicity, which is more pronounced with pyrethrins than with synthetic pyrethroids. Because there is no antidote for pyrethrin and pyrethroid poisoning, treatment is symptomatic and supportive. The article discusses the measures for poisoning prevention and alleviation of exposure to pyrethrins and pyrethroids in occupational settings and in general population.

health effects; hypersensitivity; insecticides; neurotoxins; pesticides; pyretrins; pyrethroids

Hrčak ID: 3936



Visits: 10.434 *