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Destabilization and Recuperability of Oil Used in the Formulation of Concentrated Emulsions and Cutting Fluids

A. P. Guimarães ; Laboratório de Combustíveis e Lubrificantes, Departamento de Engenharia Química, Universidade Federal do Ceará, Campus do Pici, Bloco 709, CEP: 60455-760, Fortaleza - CE, Brasil
D. A. S. Maia ; Laboratório de Combustíveis e Lubrificantes, Departamento de Engenharia Química, Universidade Federal do Ceará, Campus do Pici, Bloco 709, CEP: 60455-760, Fortaleza - CE, Brasil
R. S. Araújo ; Laboratório de Combustíveis e Lubrificantes, Departamento de Engenharia Química, Universidade Federal do Ceará, Campus do Pici, Bloco 709, CEP: 60455-760, Fortaleza - CE, Brasil
C. L. Cavalcante Jr ; Laboratório de Combustíveis e Lubrificantes, Departamento de Engenharia Química, Universidade Federal do Ceará, Campus do Pici, Bloco 709, CEP: 60455-760, Fortaleza - CE, Brasil
H. B. de Sant’Ana ; Laboratório de Combustíveis e Lubrificantes, Departamento de Engenharia Química, Universidade Federal do Ceará, Campus do Pici, Bloco 709, CEP: 60455-760, Fortaleza - CE, Brasil

Puni tekst: engleski, pdf (2 MB) str. 43-49 preuzimanja: 412* citiraj
APA 6th Edition
Guimarães, A.P., Maia, D.A.S., Araújo, R.S., Cavalcante Jr, C.L. i de Sant’Ana, H.B. (2010). Destabilization and Recuperability of Oil Used in the Formulation of Concentrated Emulsions and Cutting Fluids. Chemical and Biochemical Engineering Quarterly, 24 (1), 43-49. Preuzeto s https://hrcak.srce.hr/49481
MLA 8th Edition
Guimarães, A. P., et al. "Destabilization and Recuperability of Oil Used in the Formulation of Concentrated Emulsions and Cutting Fluids." Chemical and Biochemical Engineering Quarterly, vol. 24, br. 1, 2010, str. 43-49. https://hrcak.srce.hr/49481. Citirano 21.08.2019.
Chicago 17th Edition
Guimarães, A. P., D. A. S. Maia, R. S. Araújo, C. L. Cavalcante Jr i H. B. de Sant’Ana. "Destabilization and Recuperability of Oil Used in the Formulation of Concentrated Emulsions and Cutting Fluids." Chemical and Biochemical Engineering Quarterly 24, br. 1 (2010): 43-49. https://hrcak.srce.hr/49481
Harvard
Guimarães, A.P., et al. (2010). 'Destabilization and Recuperability of Oil Used in the Formulation of Concentrated Emulsions and Cutting Fluids', Chemical and Biochemical Engineering Quarterly, 24(1), str. 43-49. Preuzeto s: https://hrcak.srce.hr/49481 (Datum pristupa: 21.08.2019.)
Vancouver
Guimarães AP, Maia DAS, Araújo RS, Cavalcante Jr CL, de Sant’Ana HB. Destabilization and Recuperability of Oil Used in the Formulation of Concentrated Emulsions and Cutting Fluids. Chemical and Biochemical Engineering Quarterly [Internet]. 2010 [pristupljeno 21.08.2019.];24(1):43-49. Dostupno na: https://hrcak.srce.hr/49481
IEEE
A.P. Guimarães, D.A.S. Maia, R.S. Araújo, C.L. Cavalcante Jr i H.B. de Sant’Ana, "Destabilization and Recuperability of Oil Used in the Formulation of Concentrated Emulsions and Cutting Fluids", Chemical and Biochemical Engineering Quarterly, vol.24, br. 1, str. 43-49, 2010. [Online]. Dostupno na: https://hrcak.srce.hr/49481. [Citirano: 21.08.2019.]

Sažetak
Lubricants known as cutting fluids are used in the metal-mechanic industry with the function of cooling and lubricating the cutting zone. These lubricants normally have a water phase, an oil phase, emulsifying agents and additives. Once the operational capacity
of these fluids has ceased, either due to biological deterioration or to overabundance of contaminants, the emulsions being used must be treated in order to adequate their effluents for discharge. This study aims to evaluate the destabilization process and recuperability of the oil used in the formulation of concentrated emulsions and cutting
fluids. For this purpose, the following destabilizing factors were tested: temperature, centrifugation speed, and concentration of inorganic salts. The optimization of the process with concentrated emulsion allowed for the following most adequate condition of
demulsification: temperature of θ =70 °C, centrifugation of 2000 rpm, and salt concentration of γ = 2000 g L-1. As for the cutting fluids, the conditions were less severe, with salt concentration around γ = 50 g L-1, and temperature of θ = 50 °C. FTIR technique
was used to determine the concentration of emulsifying agents used in the preparation of concentrated emulsions. This procedure was not carried out for the cutting fluid due to the diversity of substances present in its composition derived from the additives that either make it difficult or prevent the identification of the peaks shown in the FTIR spectra.

Ključne riječi
O/W emulsion; cutting fluids; demulsification; recuperability; turbidity

Hrčak ID: 49481

URI
https://hrcak.srce.hr/49481

Posjeta: 589 *