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Archaeological Excavations of an Early Medieval Smelting Workshop at the Virje-Volarski breg Site

Tajana Sekelj Ivančan   ORCID icon orcid.org/0000-0001-5992-8434 ; Institute of Archaeology, Zagreb, Croatia

Fulltext: english, pdf (1 MB) pages 70-70 downloads: 208* cite
APA 6th Edition
Sekelj Ivančan, T. (2009). Archaeological Excavations of an Early Medieval Smelting Workshop at the Virje-Volarski breg Site. Annales Instituti Archaeologici, V (1), 70-70. Retrieved from https://hrcak.srce.hr/50393
MLA 8th Edition
Sekelj Ivančan, Tajana. "Archaeological Excavations of an Early Medieval Smelting Workshop at the Virje-Volarski breg Site." Annales Instituti Archaeologici, vol. V, no. 1, 2009, pp. 70-70. https://hrcak.srce.hr/50393. Accessed 11 Aug. 2020.
Chicago 17th Edition
Sekelj Ivančan, Tajana. "Archaeological Excavations of an Early Medieval Smelting Workshop at the Virje-Volarski breg Site." Annales Instituti Archaeologici V, no. 1 (2009): 70-70. https://hrcak.srce.hr/50393
Harvard
Sekelj Ivančan, T. (2009). 'Archaeological Excavations of an Early Medieval Smelting Workshop at the Virje-Volarski breg Site', Annales Instituti Archaeologici, V(1), pp. 70-70. Available at: https://hrcak.srce.hr/50393 (Accessed 11 August 2020)
Vancouver
Sekelj Ivančan T. Archaeological Excavations of an Early Medieval Smelting Workshop at the Virje-Volarski breg Site. Annales Instituti Archaeologici [Internet]. 2009 [cited 2020 August 11];V(1):70-70. Available from: https://hrcak.srce.hr/50393
IEEE
T. Sekelj Ivančan, "Archaeological Excavations of an Early Medieval Smelting Workshop at the Virje-Volarski breg Site", Annales Instituti Archaeologici, vol.V, no. 1, pp. 70-70, 2009. [Online]. Available: https://hrcak.srce.hr/50393. [Accessed: 11 August 2020]
Fulltext: croatian, pdf (1 MB) pages 65-70 downloads: 451* cite
APA 6th Edition
Sekelj Ivančan, T. (2009). Arheološka istraživanja ranosrednjovjekovne radionice za preradu željezne rudače na lokalitetu Virje-Volarski breg. Annales Instituti Archaeologici, V (1), 65-70. Retrieved from https://hrcak.srce.hr/50393
MLA 8th Edition
Sekelj Ivančan, Tajana. "Arheološka istraživanja ranosrednjovjekovne radionice za preradu željezne rudače na lokalitetu Virje-Volarski breg." Annales Instituti Archaeologici, vol. V, no. 1, 2009, pp. 65-70. https://hrcak.srce.hr/50393. Accessed 11 Aug. 2020.
Chicago 17th Edition
Sekelj Ivančan, Tajana. "Arheološka istraživanja ranosrednjovjekovne radionice za preradu željezne rudače na lokalitetu Virje-Volarski breg." Annales Instituti Archaeologici V, no. 1 (2009): 65-70. https://hrcak.srce.hr/50393
Harvard
Sekelj Ivančan, T. (2009). 'Arheološka istraživanja ranosrednjovjekovne radionice za preradu željezne rudače na lokalitetu Virje-Volarski breg', Annales Instituti Archaeologici, V(1), pp. 65-70. Available at: https://hrcak.srce.hr/50393 (Accessed 11 August 2020)
Vancouver
Sekelj Ivančan T. Arheološka istraživanja ranosrednjovjekovne radionice za preradu željezne rudače na lokalitetu Virje-Volarski breg. Annales Instituti Archaeologici [Internet]. 2009 [cited 2020 August 11];V(1):65-70. Available from: https://hrcak.srce.hr/50393
IEEE
T. Sekelj Ivančan, "Arheološka istraživanja ranosrednjovjekovne radionice za preradu željezne rudače na lokalitetu Virje-Volarski breg", Annales Instituti Archaeologici, vol.V, no. 1, pp. 65-70, 2009. [Online]. Available: https://hrcak.srce.hr/50393. [Accessed: 11 August 2020]

Abstracts
In archaeological rescue excavations conducted at the Virje-Volarski breg site over seven workdays, from 21 to 28 April 2008, the remains of a smelting workshop were investigated, of which five smelting kilns, several dislocated remains of destroyed furnaces, five waste pits with burnt earth, one fence with the corresponding formations and a number of pillars were registered in situ. In the excavations, the kiln shapes were identified. They all consisted of three interlinked parts: the fireplace, a small channel and a little hole for dross excess. The spatial organization of excavated kilns in the archaeologically examined part of the smelting workshop was identified as well. Pairs of two kilns were positioned opposite of each other with outlets for liquid dross on their outside. Excess dross was transported to the nearby waste pits with fired bottoms, which were synchronous with the kilns. The analysis of a radioactive carbon isotope, taken from the best-preserved kiln SU 008/009, and from charcoal from the best-preserved waste pit SU 018/019, provided a framework for the time in which the smeltning workshop was active at the Virje-Volarski breg site in the Early Middle Ages, more precisely at the time between the late eight and the ninth centuries.
Archaeological finds from two pits/structures stand out from the usual situation. In them, fine pottery and some animal bones were found. The analysis of charcoal collected in fill SU 095 dates them to prehistory, i.e. in the La Tène period, approximately from the second until the first half of the first centuries BC.

Keywords
Virje-Volarski breg; rescue excavation; smelting kilns; residue pits; workshop; Early middle ages

Hrčak ID: 50393

URI
https://hrcak.srce.hr/50393

[croatian]

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