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Subadult Stress in the Medieval and Early Modern Populations of Continental Croatia

Mario Novak ; Department of Archaeology, Croatian Academy of Science and Art, Zagreb, Croatia
Mario Šlaus ; Department of Archaeology, Croatian Academy of Science and Art, Zagreb, Croatia
Maja Pasarić ; Institute of Ethnology and Folklore Research, Zagreb, Croatia

Puni tekst: engleski, pdf (800 KB) str. 247-270 preuzimanja: 557* citiraj
APA 6th Edition
Novak, M., Šlaus, M. i Pasarić, M. (2009). Subadult Stress in the Medieval and Early Modern Populations of Continental Croatia. Prilozi Instituta za arheologiju u Zagrebu, 26 (-), 247-270. Preuzeto s https://hrcak.srce.hr/50504
MLA 8th Edition
Novak, Mario, et al. "Subadult Stress in the Medieval and Early Modern Populations of Continental Croatia." Prilozi Instituta za arheologiju u Zagrebu, vol. 26, br. -, 2009, str. 247-270. https://hrcak.srce.hr/50504. Citirano 29.01.2020.
Chicago 17th Edition
Novak, Mario, Mario Šlaus i Maja Pasarić. "Subadult Stress in the Medieval and Early Modern Populations of Continental Croatia." Prilozi Instituta za arheologiju u Zagrebu 26, br. - (2009): 247-270. https://hrcak.srce.hr/50504
Harvard
Novak, M., Šlaus, M., i Pasarić, M. (2009). 'Subadult Stress in the Medieval and Early Modern Populations of Continental Croatia', Prilozi Instituta za arheologiju u Zagrebu, 26(-), str. 247-270. Preuzeto s: https://hrcak.srce.hr/50504 (Datum pristupa: 29.01.2020.)
Vancouver
Novak M, Šlaus M, Pasarić M. Subadult Stress in the Medieval and Early Modern Populations of Continental Croatia. Prilozi Instituta za arheologiju u Zagrebu [Internet]. 2009 [pristupljeno 29.01.2020.];26(-):247-270. Dostupno na: https://hrcak.srce.hr/50504
IEEE
M. Novak, M. Šlaus i M. Pasarić, "Subadult Stress in the Medieval and Early Modern Populations of Continental Croatia", Prilozi Instituta za arheologiju u Zagrebu, vol.26, br. -, str. 247-270, 2009. [Online]. Dostupno na: https://hrcak.srce.hr/50504. [Citirano: 29.01.2020.]
Puni tekst: hrvatski, pdf (800 KB) str. 247-270 preuzimanja: 486* citiraj
APA 6th Edition
Novak, M., Šlaus, M. i Pasarić, M. (2009). Subadultni stres u srednjovjekovnim i novovjekovnim populacijama kontinentalne Hrvatske. Prilozi Instituta za arheologiju u Zagrebu, 26 (-), 247-270. Preuzeto s https://hrcak.srce.hr/50504
MLA 8th Edition
Novak, Mario, et al. "Subadultni stres u srednjovjekovnim i novovjekovnim populacijama kontinentalne Hrvatske." Prilozi Instituta za arheologiju u Zagrebu, vol. 26, br. -, 2009, str. 247-270. https://hrcak.srce.hr/50504. Citirano 29.01.2020.
Chicago 17th Edition
Novak, Mario, Mario Šlaus i Maja Pasarić. "Subadultni stres u srednjovjekovnim i novovjekovnim populacijama kontinentalne Hrvatske." Prilozi Instituta za arheologiju u Zagrebu 26, br. - (2009): 247-270. https://hrcak.srce.hr/50504
Harvard
Novak, M., Šlaus, M., i Pasarić, M. (2009). 'Subadultni stres u srednjovjekovnim i novovjekovnim populacijama kontinentalne Hrvatske', Prilozi Instituta za arheologiju u Zagrebu, 26(-), str. 247-270. Preuzeto s: https://hrcak.srce.hr/50504 (Datum pristupa: 29.01.2020.)
Vancouver
Novak M, Šlaus M, Pasarić M. Subadultni stres u srednjovjekovnim i novovjekovnim populacijama kontinentalne Hrvatske. Prilozi Instituta za arheologiju u Zagrebu [Internet]. 2009 [pristupljeno 29.01.2020.];26(-):247-270. Dostupno na: https://hrcak.srce.hr/50504
IEEE
M. Novak, M. Šlaus i M. Pasarić, "Subadultni stres u srednjovjekovnim i novovjekovnim populacijama kontinentalne Hrvatske", Prilozi Instituta za arheologiju u Zagrebu, vol.26, br. -, str. 247-270, 2009. [Online]. Dostupno na: https://hrcak.srce.hr/50504. [Citirano: 29.01.2020.]

Sažetak
The purpose of this paper is to analyze the frequency and distribution of two indicators of subadult stress (cribra orbitalia and enamel hypoplasia), their correlation and their relationship with an indicator of non-specific infectious diseases – periostitis. The paper contains an analysis of 415 skeletons from continental Croatia, from the sites of Crkvari, Ivanec, Mala Črešnjevica, Prozorje, Nova Rača, Suhopolje, Tomaš and Torčec, dated to the Middle Ages and the Early Modern period (12th-18th cent.). Males in the analyzed sample lived significantly longer than females (37.2 vs. 33.6 years). The frequency of cribra orbitalia in the total sample is 37.2%. The frequency of cribra orbitalia in subadults is significantly higher than in adults, and females are affected somewhat more frequently than males. Adults that exhibited cribra orbitalia lived 6.5 years shorter on the average than the individuals without this disorder. The frequency of dental enamel hypoplasia in the analyzed sample is 44.6%, with a somewhat higher frequency registered in females on all analyzed teeth. The frequency of non-specific periostitis is 48.4%, with a somewhat higher frequency in females than in males. A significant positive correlation between cribra orbitalia and non-specific periostitis is present at the level of the entire sample. A significantly shorter life span, a higher frequency of cribra orbitalia, enamel hypoplasia and periostitis in females suggests that females were more prone to the episodes of biological stress, which may have been a consequence of diminished stocks of iron in females as a result of their reproductive function or poorer treatment of young girls, particularly during earliest childhood (during breastfeeding). The skeletal sample analyzed in this paper is characterized by poor living conditions and low health standard, which was most likely a consequence of a synergic action of iron deficiency anemia, infectious diseases, inadequate diet and parasitical infections.

Ključne riječi
subadult stress; Middle Ages; Early Modern period; continental Croatia; cribra orbitalia; iron deficiency anemia; enamel hypoplasia; non-specific periostitis

Hrčak ID: 50504

URI
https://hrcak.srce.hr/50504

[hrvatski]

Posjeta: 1.588 *