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CONSTITUTION OF GERMANY

Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel

Puni tekst: hrvatski, pdf (214 KB) str. 168-219 preuzimanja: 545* citiraj
APA 6th Edition
Hegel, G.W.F. (2010). Ustav Njemačke. Politička misao, 47 (1), 168-219. Preuzeto s https://hrcak.srce.hr/57699
MLA 8th Edition
Hegel, Georg Wilhelm Friedrich. "Ustav Njemačke." Politička misao, vol. 47, br. 1, 2010, str. 168-219. https://hrcak.srce.hr/57699. Citirano 14.11.2019.
Chicago 17th Edition
Hegel, Georg Wilhelm Friedrich. "Ustav Njemačke." Politička misao 47, br. 1 (2010): 168-219. https://hrcak.srce.hr/57699
Harvard
Hegel, G.W.F. (2010). 'Ustav Njemačke', Politička misao, 47(1), str. 168-219. Preuzeto s: https://hrcak.srce.hr/57699 (Datum pristupa: 14.11.2019.)
Vancouver
Hegel GWF. Ustav Njemačke. Politička misao [Internet]. 2010 [pristupljeno 14.11.2019.];47(1):168-219. Dostupno na: https://hrcak.srce.hr/57699
IEEE
G.W.F. Hegel, "Ustav Njemačke", Politička misao, vol.47, br. 1, str. 168-219, 2010. [Online]. Dostupno na: https://hrcak.srce.hr/57699. [Citirano: 14.11.2019.]

Sažetak
Hegel submits the Constitution of the German Empire at the turn of the 18th
century to a thorough critical analysis, pointing out at the beginning of the
text that Germany is no longer a state. The German Constitution cannot be
the foundation for German state unity because it is a conglomerate of private
rights, a sanctioned separation of parts (estates) from the whole that they had
secured for themselves during the preceding centuries. Such a situation was
conditioned by the deficient constitutional development of Germany. Unlike
most European nations, the Germans had not built a state, i.e. were neither capable
of nor ready to sacrifice their particularities to the whole and discover
freedom in the common free subjection to a single supreme political authority.
For the most part, the text analyses particular aspects of the German Constitution
– the armed forces, finance, legislation, position of the estates – and
provides a comparison of the emergence and rise of the state in Germany and
the rest of Europe that confirms Hegel’s initial judgment that Germany cannot
be considered a state. It is in these analyses that his idea of the state from the
writings on the Constitution crystallizes. Inspired by Machiavelli – the genuinely
political mind of “the highest and noblest sentiments” – to whom he dedicates
almost an entire chapter – Hegel above all wants to see the foundation
of a single body political as opposed to all existing systems of particular rights
and privileges. The state is thus above all power through which a multitude
actually (and not just in intention and words) defends the totality of its property.
But this is only its first determination. The wider meaning of the state includes
governance through general laws – which only makes a country a state
– then at least minimal central financial authority, the separation of church
and state, but also the participation of the people in the legislative procedure
through political representation. In addition to that, a well organized state is
one that limits itself to the essential functions, leaving the citizens their living
freedom in everything else, for this freedom is inherently sacred. Finally,
since “the concept of necessity and insight into its nature are much too weak
to have an effect on action itself”, they must be justified by force; therefore,
at the end of the text Hegel calls upon the conqueror, the modern Theseus, to
unite the scattered mass of nations and mutually isolated estates into a state.

Ključne riječi
constitution; state; estates; military power; finances; judicature; Germany; Machiavelli

Hrčak ID: 57699

URI
https://hrcak.srce.hr/57699

[hrvatski]

Posjeta: 1.522 *