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Collegium antropologicum, Vol.28 No.2 Prosinac 2004.

Izvorni znanstveni članak

Reasons for Extraction of Permanent Teeth in Urban and Rural Populations of Croatia

Stjepan Špalj
Darije Plančak
Hrvoje Jurić
Božidar Pavelić
Andrija Bošnjak

Puni tekst: engleski, pdf (65 KB) str. 833-839 preuzimanja: 847* citiraj
Špalj, S., Plančak, D., Jurić, H., Pavelić, B., Bošnjak, A. (2004). Reasons for Extraction of Permanent Teeth in Urban and Rural Populations of Croatia. Collegium antropologicum, 28(2), 833-839. Preuzeto s

The survey aimed to determine the reasons for extraction of permanent teeth by general dental practitioners in urban and rural population of the Senj region, Adriatic coast, Croatia. During a two-year period (1998–9), a total of 2006 teeth were extracted in both regions, in patients aged 15+. The causes were defined as follows: (1) decay or root without a crown (radix relicta), (2) periodontal disease, (3) endodontic or periapical diseases and (4) other reasons – orthodontics/prosthodontics and dental trauma. The statistical Chi-square-test was used to determine the significant difference between the populations and the sexes. Dental caries was the most frequent cause for extraction (over 50%), followed by endodontic and periapical diseases (23%) as the result of untreated caries and at the end periodontal disease (21%). Urban population more often lose teeth due to periodontal disease (22.75%) than rural (18.93%, p<0.05). Similarly, this is more frequent in the urban male population (25.61%) than the female urban population (20%, p<0.05). In rural areas, people more often lost teeth as a result of endodontic and periapical disease (25.85%) than in the urban locations (19.07%, p<0.01) and this is more frequent in women from rural areas (28.37%) than the rural men (22.44%, p<0.05). Periodontal disease was not the main cause of tooth loss in either the rural or the urban population. Dental caries and its sequel remain the most important challenge for the dental service. It also reveals the inadequacy of dental services. Education of both the population and the general dental practitioners must be conducted in order to improve oral hygiene and to insist on conservative rather than extraction therapy.

Ključne riječi
tooth loss; decay; periodontal disease; periapical disease

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