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Prevalence and Severity of Dental Fluorosis in Endemic Fluoride Areas of Haryana, India: An Epidemiologic Study

Charu Mohan MARYA ; Department of Preventive & Community Dentistry, Sudha Rustagi College of Dental Sciences &Research, Faridabad, Haryana, India
BR Ashokkumar ; Department of Preventive & Community Dentistry, KLEVK Institute of Dental Sciences, Belgaum, Karnataka, India
Vandana Dahiya ; Department of Conservative and Endodontics, Sudha Rustagi College of Dental Sciences &Research, Faridabad, Haryana, India
Anil Gupta ; Department of Pedodontics, Eklavya Dental College Kotputli, Jaipur, Rajasthan, India

Puni tekst: engleski, pdf (384 KB) str. 152-158 preuzimanja: 495* citiraj
APA 6th Edition
MARYA, C.M., Ashokkumar, B., Dahiya, V. i Gupta, A. (2010). Prevalence and Severity of Dental Fluorosis in Endemic Fluoride Areas of Haryana, India: An Epidemiologic Study. Acta stomatologica Croatica, 44 (3), 152-158. Preuzeto s https://hrcak.srce.hr/58726
MLA 8th Edition
MARYA, Charu Mohan, et al. "Prevalence and Severity of Dental Fluorosis in Endemic Fluoride Areas of Haryana, India: An Epidemiologic Study." Acta stomatologica Croatica, vol. 44, br. 3, 2010, str. 152-158. https://hrcak.srce.hr/58726. Citirano 03.03.2021.
Chicago 17th Edition
MARYA, Charu Mohan, BR Ashokkumar, Vandana Dahiya i Anil Gupta. "Prevalence and Severity of Dental Fluorosis in Endemic Fluoride Areas of Haryana, India: An Epidemiologic Study." Acta stomatologica Croatica 44, br. 3 (2010): 152-158. https://hrcak.srce.hr/58726
Harvard
MARYA, C.M., et al. (2010). 'Prevalence and Severity of Dental Fluorosis in Endemic Fluoride Areas of Haryana, India: An Epidemiologic Study', Acta stomatologica Croatica, 44(3), str. 152-158. Preuzeto s: https://hrcak.srce.hr/58726 (Datum pristupa: 03.03.2021.)
Vancouver
MARYA CM, Ashokkumar B, Dahiya V, Gupta A. Prevalence and Severity of Dental Fluorosis in Endemic Fluoride Areas of Haryana, India: An Epidemiologic Study. Acta stomatologica Croatica [Internet]. 2010 [pristupljeno 03.03.2021.];44(3):152-158. Dostupno na: https://hrcak.srce.hr/58726
IEEE
C.M. MARYA, B. Ashokkumar, V. Dahiya i A. Gupta, "Prevalence and Severity of Dental Fluorosis in Endemic Fluoride Areas of Haryana, India: An Epidemiologic Study", Acta stomatologica Croatica, vol.44, br. 3, str. 152-158, 2010. [Online]. Dostupno na: https://hrcak.srce.hr/58726. [Citirano: 03.03.2021.]
Puni tekst: hrvatski, pdf (384 KB) str. 152-158 preuzimanja: 262* citiraj
APA 6th Edition
MARYA, C.M., Ashokkumar, B., Dahiya, V. i Gupta, A. (2010). Prevalencija i težina dentalne fluoroze u endemskim područjima fluora; Haryana u I ndiji: epidemiološka studija. Acta stomatologica Croatica, 44 (3), 152-158. Preuzeto s https://hrcak.srce.hr/58726
MLA 8th Edition
MARYA, Charu Mohan, et al. "Prevalencija i težina dentalne fluoroze u endemskim područjima fluora; Haryana u I ndiji: epidemiološka studija." Acta stomatologica Croatica, vol. 44, br. 3, 2010, str. 152-158. https://hrcak.srce.hr/58726. Citirano 03.03.2021.
Chicago 17th Edition
MARYA, Charu Mohan, BR Ashokkumar, Vandana Dahiya i Anil Gupta. "Prevalencija i težina dentalne fluoroze u endemskim područjima fluora; Haryana u I ndiji: epidemiološka studija." Acta stomatologica Croatica 44, br. 3 (2010): 152-158. https://hrcak.srce.hr/58726
Harvard
MARYA, C.M., et al. (2010). 'Prevalencija i težina dentalne fluoroze u endemskim područjima fluora; Haryana u I ndiji: epidemiološka studija', Acta stomatologica Croatica, 44(3), str. 152-158. Preuzeto s: https://hrcak.srce.hr/58726 (Datum pristupa: 03.03.2021.)
Vancouver
MARYA CM, Ashokkumar B, Dahiya V, Gupta A. Prevalencija i težina dentalne fluoroze u endemskim područjima fluora; Haryana u I ndiji: epidemiološka studija. Acta stomatologica Croatica [Internet]. 2010 [pristupljeno 03.03.2021.];44(3):152-158. Dostupno na: https://hrcak.srce.hr/58726
IEEE
C.M. MARYA, B. Ashokkumar, V. Dahiya i A. Gupta, "Prevalencija i težina dentalne fluoroze u endemskim područjima fluora; Haryana u I ndiji: epidemiološka studija", Acta stomatologica Croatica, vol.44, br. 3, str. 152-158, 2010. [Online]. Dostupno na: https://hrcak.srce.hr/58726. [Citirano: 03.03.2021.]

Sažetak
Introduction: Fluorine is often called as a two-edged sword because of its beneficial effects in optimal doses and harmful effects due to overdoses. Intake of fluorine does prevent dental caries but when there is excessive systemic intake of fluoride during the period of enamel formation enamel fluorosis may occur. Material and Methods: 30 villages from 2 districts of Haryana were classified according to differing levels of fluoride in the drinking water. A total of 3007 students in the age group 12 – 16 years were examined in the rural population. Endemic fluoride concentration in these areas varied from 0.50 (sub optimum), 0.87, 1.13 (near optimum), 1.51, 2.45, 5.27 &8.50 (more than optimum) ppm fluoride level. Results: The overall fluorosis prevalence was 54.4%. The fluorosis for males and females were almost the same, males having 51.9% and females having 48.1% prevalence. The percentage of fluorosis increased with increase in fluoride content in the water. The percentage of fluorosis increased from 9.35 % in 0.5 ppm to 100% in 8.5 ppm. Conclusion: It appears that 1- 1.2 ppm is the most compatible fluoride level to produce minimal amount of esthetically objectionable fluorosis.

Ključne riječi
Fluorosis, Dental; Dental Caries, Fluoride Poisoning; India

Hrčak ID: 58726

URI
https://hrcak.srce.hr/58726

[hrvatski]

Posjeta: 1.389 *