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Depression, Somatization and Anxiety in Female Patients with Temporomandibular Disorders (TMD)
Daniela Kovačević Pavičić
Puni tekst: engleski, pdf (72 KB)
Lajnert, V., Frančišković, T., Gržic, R., Kovačević Pavičić, D., Bakarčić, D., Buković, D., Čelebić, A., Braut, V., Fugošić, V. (2010). Depression, Somatization and Anxiety in Female Patients with Temporomandibular Disorders (TMD). Collegium antropologicum, 34(4), 1415-1419. Preuzeto s https://hrcak.srce.hr/62846
The aim of this research was to determine the possible differences in degrees of depression, somatization and anxiety between the acute and chronic female patients with temporomandibular disorders (TMD), and whether these differences exist in healthy female patients. Ninety female patients were involved in this research; 60 of them were TMD patients of the Dental Polyclinic, while other 30 females came for a rutine recall visit and had no problem related to TMD. Patients were aged 22 to 67 years, the average age being 38.5±12 years. All patients were asked to fill in the RDC/TMD protocol and three psychological tests (Emotions Profile Index, Somatization Scale and life Events Scale). Following the analysis of the RDC/TMD protocol and psychological tests, it was determined that the chronic female patients had higher depression and somatization scores in comparison with the acute patients (p<0.01); the acute patients self-perceive higher levels of anxiety in relation to the control group; furthermore, the patients reporting higher levels of depression were more inclined to somatization and had experienced a greater number of stress events in the past six months. It is beyond doubt that patients suffering from the TMD’s exhibit higher levels of depression, somatization and anxiety compared to the healthy ones, which proves that physiological factors may play a predisposing role in combination with reduced level of body tolerance to pain, and a decreased tolerance to stress.
temporomandibular disorders (TMD); depression; anxiety; somatization
Hrčak ID: 62846
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