The Proportion for Splitting Data into Training and Test Set for the Bootstrap in Classification Problems


  • Borislava Vrigazova Sofia University, Faculty of Economics and Business Administration


the bootstrap, classification, cross-validation, repeated train/test splitting


Background: The bootstrap can be alternative to cross-validation as a training/test set splitting method since it minimizes the computing time in classification problems in comparison to the tenfold cross-validation. Objectives: Тhis research investigates what proportion should be used to split the dataset into the training and the testing set so that the bootstrap might be competitive in terms of accuracy to other resampling methods. Methods/Approach: Different train/test split proportions are used with the following resampling methods: the bootstrap, the leave-one-out cross-validation, the tenfold cross-validation, and the random repeated train/test split to test their performance on several classification methods. The classification methods used include the logistic regression, the decision tree, and the k-nearest neighbours. Results: The findings suggest that using a different structure of the test set (e.g. 30/70, 20/80) can further optimize the performance of the bootstrap when applied to the logistic regression and the decision tree. For the k-nearest neighbour, the tenfold cross-validation with a 70/30 train/test splitting ratio is recommended. Conclusions: Depending on the characteristics and the preliminary transformations of the variables, the bootstrap can improve the accuracy of the classification problem.






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