Large-scale modes of the tropical atmosphere. Part II: analytical modelling of Kelvin waves using the CAPE closure


  • Željka Fuchs Physics Department and Geophysical Research Center, New Mexico Institute of Mining and Technology, Socorro, New Mexico, USA
  • Antun Marki Department of Geophysics, Faculty of Science, University of Zagreb, Zagreb, Croatia


CAPE, Kelvin waves


The thermal assumption of the model is based on the convective available potential energy (CAPE) closure, i.e. increased CAPE, represented by decreased midlevel potential temperature, results in increased precipitation. The dynamic assumption of the model is that the vertical heating profile has the shape of the first baroclinic mode, while the vertical dependence of modeled fields is calculated, i.e. the model is vertically resolved. The modeled modes are free Kelvin waves and convectively coupled Kelvin waves. It is shown that the CAPE closure is not sufficient to produce the observed destabilization of the Kelvin mode, but that the dynamical properties of the model give the observed phase speeds.






Short communication