Is Transhumanism the Solution to Euthanasia?


  • Anna Bugajska


The article concentrates on the question of euthanasia in relation to the emerging life-
extension technologies and the immortality industry within the philosophical framework of
transhumanism. I begin by sketching the picture of human enhancement and immortality
research and industry and pointing to its preliminary assessment of social impact, drawn by
Jacobsen (2017)1. I present immortalism as a specific branch of transhumanism, leading to
the rise of postmortal society informed by neohedonism and negative utilitarianism: oriented
towards the pursuit of pleasure and minimization of suffering. I ask the question if in the
postmortal society the problem of euthanasia will exist. To answer this question, firstly, I
briefly present the changes in understanding the notion of a good death; secondly, I discuss
the transhumanist approach to euthanasia. And thirdly, I point to the challenges to the
biopolitics of death and dying in the postmortal society. The discussion of these areas leads to
the conclusion that the problem of euthanasia in the postmortal society will not disappear;
rather, it will become more aggravated due to the paradoxical nature of the transhumanist
approach to death, personal freedom, autonomy, and dignity.