EFFECTS OF HIGH-INTENSITY TRAINING WITH ONE VERSUS THREE CHANGES OF DIRECTION ON YOUTH FEMALE BASKETBALL PLAYERS’ PERFORMANCE
To compare the effects of high-intensity interval training (HIT) with one versus three changes of direction (COD) on young (age, 17.2±1.1 years) female basketball players’ performance, six weeks of regular basketball training (control period) was followed by six weeks of high-intensity training added to regular training , two times per week, with a random allocation of athletes to either HIT with one (HIT-COD1; n=6) or three COD (HIT-COD3; n=6). Before and after the control and HIT-COD training periods athletes performed repeated-sprint ability test (RSA), modified agility T-test (MAT), V-cut, triple standing dominant (TS-D) and nondominant (TS-ND) jump, TS-D and TS-ND with COD tests, and 30-15 Intermittent Fitness Test (30-15IFT). With the exception of a substantial improvement in V-cut in both groups, no substantial changes occurred during the control period. Both HIT-COD training programs improved V-cut, although only HIT-COD3 substantially improved RSA mean time (RSAm), MAT and the final speed reached in 30-15IFT (VIFT). The between-group comparison revealed greater improvements in RSAm and VIFT in HIT-COD3 than in HITCOD1. In conclusion, supplementation of basketball training with HIT-COD drills adds improvements to young female basketball player’s performance, especially when 3 COD are incorporated into HIT.
Key words: team sport, agility, fitness, women, maturation, explosive strength
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