CHANGES IN JUMP AND SPRINT PERFORMANCES DURING 14 PRESEASONS IN A SPANISH RESERVE ELITE SOCCER TEAM
AbstractThe aim of this study was to assess the changes in jump and sprint performances after the preseason period across 14 seasons depending on the initial performance level and the playing position in young professional soccer players. In total, 162 soccer players (age = 20.6 ± 1.8 years) belonging to the same reserve team of a Spanish La Liga club participated in this study. Countermovement jump (CMJ) and 5 and 15 m sprints were assessed in each season at the start of the preseason (July), Test 1 (T1), and the start of the competitive period (September), Test 2 (T2), from the 1998 to 2013 seasons. Considering all seasons, a trivial change was found in the sprint (5 m, Effect Size [ES] = −0.01; ±0.11, most-likely; and 15 m, ES = 0.05; ±0.09, most-likely) and countermovement jump (CMJ) performances (ES = −0.03; ±0.07; most-likely) after the preseason, but this varied across the seasons. While the fastest players in 5 m and 15 m tests and the most powerful worsened their performances in sprinting capacity (ES = 0.53–0.65, small very-likely) and in jump ability (ES = −0.54; ±0.25, small very-likely), respectively, the slowest players and the less powerful improved their performance likely/most-likely (ES = −0.33 and −0.68, small and moderate) and very-likely (ES = 0.40; ±0.20, small) after the precompetitive period. The changes in CMJ and sprinting were trivial and trivial/small for all tactical positions. The changes in neuromuscular performance after the preseason were not stable across the seasons and varied depending on the initial performance level. Individualization strategies should be considered in the design of strength and conditioning programs in order to optimize the training process.
Algrøy, E. A., Hetlelid, K. J., Seiler, S., & Stray Pedersen, J. I. (2011). Quantifying training intensity distribution in a group of Norwegian professional soccer players. International Journal of Sports Physiology and Performance, 6(1), 70-81.
Bloomfield, J., Polman, R., & O’Donoghue, P. (2007). Physical Demands of Different Positions in FA Premier League Soccer. Journal of Sports Science & Medicine, 6(1), 63-70.
Bosco, C., Luhtanen, P., & Komi, P. V. (1983). A simple method for measurement of mechanical power in jumping. European Journal of Applied Physiology and Occupational Physiology, 50(2), 273-282.
Bradley, P. S., Sheldon, W., Wooster, B., Olsen, P., Boanas, P., & Krustrup, P. (2009). High-intensity running in English FA Premier League soccer matches. Journal of Sports Sciences, 27(2), 159-168. https://doi.org/10.1080/02640410802512775
Caldwell, B. P., & Peters, D. M. (2009). Seasonal variation in physiological fitness of a semiprofessional soccer team. Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research, 23(5), 1370-1377. https://doi.org/10.1519/JSC.0b013e3181a4e82f
Carling, C., Le Gall, F., & Dupont, G. (2012). Analysis of repeated high-intensity running performance in professional soccer. Journal of Sports Sciences, 30(4), 325-336. https://doi.org/10.1080/02640414.2011.652655
Castagna, C., Impellizzeri, F. M., Chaouachi, A., Bordon, C., & Manzi, V. (2011). Effect of training intensity distribution on aerobic fitness variables in elite soccer players: a case study. Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research, 25(1), 66-71. https://doi.org/10.1519/JSC.0b013e3181fef3d3
Cohen, J. (1988). Statistical power analysis for the behavioral sciences (Second Edition). L. Erlbaum Associates.
Di Salvo, V., Baron, R., González-Haro, C., Gormasz, C., Pigozzi, F., & Bachl, N. (2010). Sprinting analysis of elite soccer players during European Champions League and UEFA Cup matches. Journal of Sports Sciences, 28(14), 1489-1494. https://doi.org/10.1080/02640414.2010.521166
Di Salvo, V., Baron, R., Tschan, H., Calderon Montero, F. J., Bachl, N., & Pigozzi, F. (2007). Performance characteristics according to playing position in elite soccer. International Journal of Sports Medicine, 28(3), 222-227. https://doi.org/10.1055/s-2006-924294
Faude, O., Koch, T., & Meyer, T. (2012). Straight sprinting is the most frequent action in goal situations in professional football. Journal of Sports Sciences, 30(7), 625-631. https://doi.org/10.1080/02640414.2012.665940
Fessi, M. S., Zarrouk, N., Filetti, C., Rebai, H., Elloumi, M., & Moalla, W. (2016). Physical and anthropometric changes during pre- and in-season in professional soccer players. The Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness, 56(10), 1163-1170.
Gorostiaga, E. M., Llodio, I., Ibáñez, J., Granados, C., Navarro, I., Ruesta, M., … Izquierdo, M. (2009). Differences in physical fitness among indoor and outdoor elite male soccer players. European Journal of Applied Physiology, 106(4), 483-491. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00421-009-1040-7
Haugen, T. (2018). Soccer seasonal variations in sprint mechanical properties and vertical jump performance. Kinesiology, 50.
Haugen, T. A., Tønnessen, E., & Seiler, S. (2013). Anaerobic performance testing of professional soccer players 1995-2010. International Journal of Sports Physiology and Performance, 8(2), 148-156.
Hopkins, W. G. (2006). Spreadsheets for analysis of controlled trials with adjustment for a predictor. Sportscience, 10, 46-50.
Hopkins, W. G., Marshall, S. W., Batterham, A. M., & Hanin, J. (2009). Progressive statistics for studies in sports medicine and exercise science. Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise, 41(1), 3-13. https://doi.org/10.1249/MSS.0b013e31818cb278
Impellizzeri, F. M., Marcora, S. M., Castagna, C., Reilly, T., Sassi, A., Iaia, F. M., & Rampinini, E. (2006). Physiological and performance effects of generic versus specific aerobic training in soccer players. International Journal of Sports Medicine, 27(6), 483-492. https://doi.org/10.1055/s-2005-865839
Jeong, T.-S., Reilly, T., Morton, J., Bae, S.-W., & Drust, B. (2011). Quantification of the physiological loading of one week of «pre-season» and one week of «in-season» training in professional soccer players. Journal of Sports Sciences, 29(11), 1161-1166. https://doi.org/10.1080/02640414.2011.583671
Lago, C., Casais, L., Dominguez, E., & Sampaio, J. (2010). The effects of situational variables on distance covered at various speeds in elite soccer. European Journal of Sport Science, 10(2), 103-109.
Lago-Penas, C., Rey, E., Lago-Ballesteros, J., Dominguez, E., & Casais, L. (2013). Seasonal variations in body composition and fitness parameters according to individual percentage of training completion in professional soccer players : original research article. International SportMed Journal, 14(4), 205-215.
Los Arcos, A., Martínez-Santos, R., Yanci, J., Mendiguchia, J., & Méndez-Villanueva, A. (2015). Negative Associations between Perceived Training Load, Volume and Changes in Physical Fitness in Professional Soccer Players. Journal of Sports Science & Medicine, 14(2), 394-401.
Los Arcos, A., & Martins, J. (2018). Physical Fitness Performance of Young Professional Soccer Players Does not Change During Several Training Seasons in A Spanish Elite Reserve Team: A Club Study, 1996-2013. Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research, [Epub ahead of print]. https://doi.org/10.1519/JSC.0000000000002426
Los Arcos, A., Yanci, J., Mendiguchia, J., Salinero, J. J., Brughelli, M., & Castagna, C. (2014). Short-term training effects of vertically and horizontally oriented exercises on neuromuscular performance in professional soccer players. International Journal of Sports Physiology and Performance, 9(3), 480-488. https://doi.org/10.1123/ijspp.2013-0063
Magal, M., Smith, R. T., Dyer, J. J., & Hoffman, J. R. (2009). Seasonal variation in physical performance-related variables in male NCAA Division III soccer players. Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research, 23(9), 2555-2559. https://doi.org/10.1519/JSC.0b013e3181b3ddbf
Manzi, V., Bovenzi, A., Franco Impellizzeri, M., Carminati, I., & Castagna, C. (2013). Individual training-load and aerobic-fitness variables in premiership soccer players during the precompetitive season. Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research, 27(3), 631-636. https://doi.org/10.1519/JSC.0b013e31825dbd81
Mendez-Villanueva, A., & Buchheit, M. (2011). Physical capacity-match physical performance relationships in soccer: simply, more complex. European Journal of Applied Physiology, 111(9), 2387-2389. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00421-011-1868-5
Nakamura, F. Y., Pereira, L. A., Rabelo, F. N., Ramirez-Campillo, R., & Loturco, I. (2016). Faster futsal players perceive higher training loads and present greater decreases in sprinting speed during the preseason. Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research, 30(6), 1553-1562. https://doi.org/10.1519/JSC.0000000000001257
Rampinini, E., Coutts, A. J., Castagna, C., Sassi, R., & Impellizzeri, F. M. (2007). Variation in top level soccer match performance. International Journal of Sports Medicine, 28(12), 1018-1024. https://doi.org/10.1055/s-2007-965158
Sarmento, H., Marcelino, R., Anguera, M. T., CampaniÇo, J., Matos, N., & LeitÃo, J. C. (2014). Match analysis in football: a systematic review. Journal of Sports Sciences, 32(20), 1831-1843. https://doi.org/10.1080/02640414.2014.898852
Silva, J. R., Magalhães, J. F., Ascensão, A. A., Oliveira, E. M., Seabra, A. F., & Rebelo, A. N. (2011). Individual match playing time during the season affects fitness-related parameters of male professional soccer players. Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research, 25(10), 2729-2739. https://doi.org/10.1519/JSC.0b013e31820da078
Stølen, T., Chamari, K., Castagna, C., & Wisløff, U. (2005). Physiology of soccer: an update. Sports Medicine, 35(6), 501-536.
Vigne, G., Gaudino, C., Rogowski, I., Alloatti, G., & Hautier, C. (2010). Activity profile in elite Italian soccer team. International Journal of Sports Medicine, 31(5), 304-310. https://doi.org/10.1055/s-0030-1248320
Copyright (c) 2020 Kinesiology
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.
At Faculty of Kinesiology we recognize that access to quality research is vital to the scientific community and beyond. Kinesiology is non-profit journal and all costs of publishing and peer review process are covered by the publisher itself or other funding sources like Ministry of Science and Education of the Republic of Croatia. Full text papers are also available free of charge at http://hrcak.srce.hr/kineziologija. There are no restrictions on self archiving of any form of paper (preprint, postprint and publisher's version).
Articles are distributed under the terms of the CC BY - NC 4.0
Kinesiology does not charge any fees to authors to submit or publish articles in our journal.