Searching for an Optimal Partition of Incomplete Data with Application in Modeling Energy Efficiency of Public Buildings
In this paper, we consider the problem of searching for an optimal partition with the most appropriate number of clusters for an incomplete data set in which several outliers might occur. Special attention is given to the application of the Least Squares distance-like function. The procedure of preparing the incomplete data set and the outlier elimination procedure are proposed such that the clustering process gives acceptable solutions. Appropriate justifications with proof are provided for these procedures. An incremental algorithm for searching for optimal partitions with 2, 3, ... clusters is applied on the prepared data set. After that, by using the Davies-Bouldin and the Calinski-Harabasz index the most appropriate number of clusters is determined. The whole procedure is organized as an algorithm given in the paper. In order to illustrate its applicability, the above steps are applied on the real data set of public buildings and their energy efficiency data, providing clear clusters that could be used for further modeling procedures.
- Authors retain copyright and grant the journal right of first publication with the work simultaneously licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution License that allows others to share the work with an acknowledgement of the work's authorship and initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are able to enter into separate, additional contractual arrangements for the non-exclusive distribution of the journal's published version of the work (e.g., post it to an institutional repository or publish it in a book), with an acknowledgement of its initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are permitted and encouraged to post their work online (e.g., in institutional repositories or on their website) prior to and during the submission process, as it can lead to productive exchanges, as well as earlier and greater citation of published work (See The Effect of Open Access).