FAILURE TO PROVIDE HEALTH CARE AS A VIOLATION OF ARTICLE 3 OF THE EUROPEAN CONVENTION WITH SPECIAL REFERENCE TO THE COURT'S CASE-LAW OUTSIDE THE CONTEXT OF DETENTION
Keywords:European Convention for the Protection of Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms, health care outside the context of detention
The European Convention on Human Rights, as a main Council of Europe instrument for the protection of civil and political rights, does not guarantee the right to health care. However, the European Court of Human Rights broadly interprets Convention rights, and within the context of Articles 2, 3 and 8 of the Convention it gave certain indications that it might start dealing with the issue of health care. Without going into details of all the mentioned articles, this paper will analyse cases where the Court dealt with the issue of violation of Article 3 due to non-provision of health care outside the context of detention. Namely, within the context of detention, there is a clear obligation for states to provide health care, and the Court often relies on the reports of the Committee for the Prevention of Torture and Inhuman or Degrading Treatment or Punishment. What we consider important to point out is the Court’s case-law on providing health care outside the context of detention, given the social character of the right to health care, which goes beyond the civil and political character of the Convention.
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