utility model, registration procedure, conversion of the application, conversion in a patent, declaration of nullity, right on lawsuit


The utility model is a new form for the protection of inventions introduced in the Croatian law by the Patent Act of 2020. It entitles the utility model owner to exclusive right to use and dispose of the invention that is the subject of protection from the date of publication of the utility model registration. The utility model protection validity is ten years from the date of submission of the utility model application, with the payment of the annual maintenance fee. The utility model registration procedure is initiated by a special application. The State Intellectual Property Office examines its conformity with the law and does not examine the novelty, inventive step and industrial applicability of the invention. It does not compose the search report of the state of the art. Certain inventions cannot be protected by the utility model. The Patent Act allows branching off a utility model application from a patent application for the same invention. It also allows conversion of the patent application to a utility model application and vice versa. The utility model owner may request a full examination of the protected invention by the State Intellectual Property Office and conversion of the utility model into a patent. This request may be submitted no later than the end of the seventh year of the validity of the utility model protection. Third parties may request the declaration of nullity of the utility model during the whole period of its validity. The utility model owner is not entitled to sue the persons who infringe his exclusive rights.


Königer K, 'The 125th anniversary of the German utility model: A reason to celebrate?' (2017) 12(2) Journal of Intellectual Property Law and Practice 75

Radauer A and others, Study on the economic impact of the utility model legislation in selected Member States: Final report (Publications Office of the European Union 2014)

Verona A, Pravo industrijskog vlasništva (Informator 1978)


Amended proposal for a European Parliament and Council Directive approximating the legal arrangements for the protection of inventions by utility model (2000/C 248 E/03) COM(1999) 309 final – 97/0356(COD) [2000] OJ C248 E/56

Gebrauchsmustergesetz (BGBl 211/1994) (AT)

Gebrauchsmustergesetz (BGBl I S 1455/1986 und I S 2541/2017) (DE)

Uredba o naknadama za posebne troškove i troškove za pružanje informacijskih usluga Državnog zavoda za intelektualno vlasništvo (NN 109/2011, 96/2013, 89/2020) (HR)

Zakon o obveznim odnosima (NN 35/2005, 41/2008, 125/2011, 78/2015, 29/2018) (HR)

Zakon o parničnom postupku (SL SFRJ 4/1977, 36/1977, 36/1980, 6/1980, 69/1982, 43/1982, 58/1984, 74/1987, 57/1989, 20/1990, 27/1990, 35/1991 – NN 53/1991, 91/1992, 112/1999, 129/2000, 88/2001, 117/2003, 88/2005, 2/2007, 96/2008, 84/2008, 123/2008, 57/2011, 148/2011, 25/2013, 89/2014, 70/2019) (HR)

Zakon o patentu (NN 16/2020) (HR)

Zakon o upravnim pristojbama u području prava intelektualnog vlasništva (NN 64/2000, 160/2004, 62/2008, 30/2009, 49/2011) (HR)


Nacrt prijedloga Zakona o patentu (Vlada Republike Hrvatske, Zagreb, travanj 2019) <> pristupljeno 22. siječnja 2021.

Prijedlog Zakona o izmjenama i dopunama Zakona o patentu, s konačnim prijedlogom Zakona (Vlada Republike Hrvatske, Zagreb, Svibanj 2007) <> pristupljeno 22. siječnja 2021.

Statistika industrijskog vlasništva (Državni zavod za intelektualno vlasništvo, siječanj 2021) <> pristupljeno 1. siječnja 2021.

Što je uporabni model? (Državni zavod za intelektualno vlasništvo) <> pristupljeno 18. siječnja 2021.

Utility models (European Commission) <> pristupljeno 18. siječnja 2021.

Utility models (World Intellectual Property Organization) <> pristupljeno 18. siječnja 2021.