PROVISIONAL MEASURES AND CHILD ABDUCTION PROCEEDINGS
Keywords:cross-border child abduction, Hague Convention on Child Abduction, Brussels II bis Regulation, Hague Convention on Measures for the Protection of Children, provisional and protecting measures, Court of Justice of the European Union
The purpose of the established system of the proceedings in cases of international child abduction, as set out in the Hague Convention on Child Abduction, which has been strengthened, in relation to the EU Member States, by the provisions of the Brussels II bis Regulation, is to secure a prompt return of the child that has been wrongfully removed or retained to his/her Member State of origin. The return of the child must provide full protection of the child both in the state where the child was unlawfully resident and in the state where the child has to return. In these respect, the competent authorities have at their disposal legal mechanisms for provisional and protective measures provided for by the Brussels II bis Regulation and the Hague Convention on Measures for the Protection of Children. The possibility of taking these measures will depend on the national law of the state in question and on the specific circumstances of the case. In this paper, a legal framework will be presented for the imposition of provisional measures in cases of cross-border child abduction, which will be supported by the case law of the Court of Justice of the European Union. Case examples gathered under the project “Cross-border removal and retention of a child – Croatian practice and European expectations” will illustrate the difficulties encountered by the courts in the Republic of Croatia when it comes to applying the relevant provisions.
Beaumont, P., Walker, L., Holliday, J., Conflicts of EU Courts on Child Abduction: The reality of Article 11(6)-(8) Brussels IIa proceedings across the EU, Journal of Private International Law, Vol. 12, No. 2, 2016, pp. 211-260.
Beaumont, P., Walker, L. and Holliday, J., Parental responsibility and international child abduction in the proposed recast of Brussels IIa Regulation and the effect of Brexit on future child abduction proceed-ings, International Family Law Journal, Vol. 4, 2016, pp. 307-318.
Dika, M., Građansko ovršno pravo, I. knjiga, Opće građansko ovršno pravo, Narodne novine, Zagreb, 2007.
Drventić, M., New Trends in European Family Procedural Law, in: Duić, D., Petrašević, T. (eds.), Pro-cedural Aspects of EU Law, Sveučilište J. J. Strossmayera u Osijeku, Pravni fakultet Osijek, Osijek, 2017, pp. 424-447.
Honorati, C., Provisional Measures and the Recast of Brussels I Regulation: A Missed Opportunity for a Better Ruling, Rivista di diritto internazionale privato e processuale, No. 3, 2012, pp. 525-544.
Kruger, T., Samyn, L., Brussels IIbis: successes and suggested improvements, Journal of Private Inter-national Law, Vol. 12, No. 1, 2016, pp. 132-168.
Lazić, V., Legal Framework for International Child Abduction in the European Union – the Need for Changes in the Light of Povse v. Austria, in: Župan, M. (ed), Private International Law in the Juris-prudence of European Courts - Family at Focus, Pravni fakultet Osijek, Osijek, 2015, pp. 295-316.
Lortie, P., An overview of the aims and central features of the 1996 Hague Convention on International Child Protection, in: Rešetar, B., Aras, S. (eds.), Represivne mjere za zaštitu osobnih prava i dobrobiti djeteta Interdisciplinarni, komparativni i međunarodni osvrti, Pravni fakultet Osijek, Osijek, 2014, pp. 221.-227.
McEleavy, P., The New Child Abduction Regime in the European Union: Symbiotic Relationship or Forced Partnership?, Journal of Private International Law, Vol. 1, No. 1, 2005, pp. 5-34.
Pataut, E., Article 11 Return of the child, in: Magnus, U., Mankowski, P. (eds.), Brussels IIbis – Com-mentary, Sellier European Law Publishers, München, 2012, pp. 127-145.
Pertegás Sender, M., Article 20 Provisional, including protective measures, in: Magnus, U., Man-kowski, P. (eds.), Brussels IIbis – Commentary, Sellier European Law Publishers, München, 2012, pp. 246-256.
Schuz, R., The Hague Child Abduction Convention. A Critical Analysis, Hart Publishing, 2013.
Župan, M., Roditeljska skrb u sustavu Haške konvencije o mjerama dječje zaštite iz 1996., in: Rešetar, B. (ed.), Pravna zaštita prava na (zajedničku) roditeljsku skrb, Pravni fakultet Osijek, Osijek, 2012, pp. 199-222.
Župan, M., Drventić, M., Kindesentführung vor kroatischen Gerichten mit besonderer Rücksicht auf die aus Deutschland kommenden Anträge, Revija za evropsko pravo, Vol. 20, No. 1., 2018, pp. 63-83.
How to Cite
Copyright (c) 2019 Martina Drventić, Senija Ledić, Mirela Župan
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.
Authors retain the copyright on the papers published in the Journal, but grant the right of first publication to the Journal. Papers accepted for publication or already published in Pravni vjesnik of the Faculty of Law in Osijek may be published by the author(s) in other publications only with proper notice of its previous publication in Pravni vjesnik.