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Submission Preparation Checklist

As part of the submission process, authors are required to check off their submission's compliance with all of the following items, and submissions may be returned to authors that do not adhere to these guidelines.
  • The submission has not been previously published, nor is it before another journal for consideration (or an explanation has been provided in Comments to the Editor).
  • The submission file is in OpenOffice, Microsoft Word, or RTF document file format.
  • Where available, URLs for the references have been provided.
  • The text is single-spaced; uses a 12-point font; employs italics, rather than underlining (except with URL addresses); and all illustrations, figures, and tables are placed within the text at the appropriate points, rather than at the end.
  • The text adheres to the stylistic and bibliographic requirements outlined in the Author Guidelines.

Author Guidelines


The Editorial Board accepts unpublished articles in English language and possibly in Croatian language. The paper, including the references and supplements, should not exceed 75 000 characters. Abstract not longer than 300 characters, and a short list of key words must be included (5-10 key words).

Submissions should be formatted in advance, but in any event, all articles accepted for publication will need to comply with these guidelines.

  • Preparation of manuscripts

Authors, particularly those whose first language is not English, may wish to have their English-language manuscripts checked by a native speaker before submission. This will help to ensure that the academic content of the paper is fully understood. Any submission with poor English will be rejected without being sent for review.

Abstract and keywords: All manuscripts should be submitted together with an Abstract up to 300 words in length and up to 5-10  key words. The purpose of the Abstract is to identify the subject matter of the article and to summarise the distinctive contribution to the literature which the article makes stating the aims, research methods and objectives. It enables the reader using electronic databases to identify articles that are of interest to them.

Writing guidelines: The main text and footnotes should be written in the same font (Times New Roman), with the main text in size 12 and footnotes in 10. The headings and subheadings should be written in uppercase, with Arabic numeration (eg. 1., 1.2. etc.).

Page layout: Paragraphs start flush left after headings but otherwise are indented, with no extra space between them.

Name/Affiliation: All identifying information should be removed from the manuscript to allow for anonymous peer-review.

Footnotes: cannot be included in book reviews and any references in those submissions should be included in the main text. Notes for articles should be numbered consecutively (after an initial unnumbered note attached to the author's name by an asterisk) and should be placed as footnotes at the bottom of the relevant page. Numbers in cross-references should be highlighted.

The purpose of footnotes is to provide reference to the principal sources on which the author relies to support his or her argument. Their function is not to provide a comprehensive list of what the author has read nor the materials which the reader could use to follow up the argument. Significant points should be included in the text and not in the footnotes. As a guide, the Journal would not expect footnotes to exceed 20% of the length of the text of the article as a whole. Where the author considers it necessary to have longer footnotes, it would be helpful if he/she could explain the reasons briefly when first submitting the article to the Journal. For good reasons, the Journal may publish an article with longer footnotes.

Cross-references to other parts of the manuscript should be to footnotes and section names not to page numbers. Use "See note 7 above/below" rather than "supra/infra note 7". Numbers should be highlighted to allow for proof correction. For cross-references to material already cited, see below (short form citations are used).


In articles a maximum of four levels of heading is available, one for the title and three within the article:


This is centred. Type in capitals:


Only once accepted, the author’s name appears, centred, below the title in capitals/small capitals:



The author’s institutional affiliation together with the title appears in the asterisked reference and the ORCID identifier should also be mentioned.

Pending peer review, the author’s identity, affiliation and other identifying information should be removed as far as possible.


Centred. Type in capitals/small capitals (precede by Arabic numeration (e.g. 1., 2. etc.) if required): e.g.


Centred. Type with initial capitals for main words only and in italics (precede by Arabic numeration continuing the first level subheading 1.1., 1.2., etc. if required): e.g.

1.1. Subheading in Italics



Flush left. Type with initial capitals for the first word and proper names only and in italics (precede by a), b), c)  etc., if required): e.g.

  1. a) Subheading in italics
  • Style

Quotations of more than c. 60 words (unless in footnotes) should be indented and set off from the text without quotation marks. Otherwise double quotation marks should be used except for quotations within quotations which should use single marks. The note indicator should be placed after the quotation: e.g.

The Court of Appeal was of the view that “the appellant’s conviction is far from ‘unsafe’”.1

Figures and tables. At the time of submission, contributors should clearly state whether their figures should appear in colour.

Punctuation. All punctuation marks should be outside closing quotation marks except an exclamation mark, question mark, dash or parenthesis belonging only to the quotation or a full point at the end of a grammatically complete sentence beginning with a capital letter. Full stops should be outside closing parentheses unless the parenthesis is a complete sentence beginning with a capital letter.

Note indicators in the text follow punctuation marks. e.g.:

This is known in the economic literature as “market failure”;12

Capitals. Capitals should be used when a specific reference is intended: the Act, the Bill, the Cabinet, the Crown, the Directive, the Government (but government and industry), Parliament (but parliamentary). Unless the writer is referring to a court by name (e.g. the Supreme Court), "court" should not have a capital.

No full points should be used with abbreviations consisting of initials (ACAS, EC, USA). Otherwise full points are retained (ch., Dr., L.J., ed., Ltd., St., vol.) including “para.” for paragraph and "s." for section. The abbreviation for public limited company is "plc". Note also "per cent.", with full point.

Dates. Use the style "10 February 1999"; "1998-99"; "1990s".

Numerals. If below 10, these should be spelt out. E.g. “the four defendants”.

Spelling. Except in quoted matter English spelling should be used (labour, not labor).


-ise (not -ize); judgment for a court’s decision (not judgement);
ius (not jus; i.e. Latin i not j).

Italics. The following should be italicised:

  • Case names (including the “v”).
  • Latin (and other foreign) words and phrases except those in common use such as: bona fide, de facto, de jure, (obiter) dicta/dictum, habeas corpus, intra vires, mens rea, prima facie, ratio decidendi, ultra vires.
  • Ship names.

Latin abbreviations should be in roman but retain full points: cf., e.g., ibid., i.e., loc. cit., op. cit., per, viz.

Note indicators. Wherever possible note indicators should be deferred to the end of the relevant sentence or clause of the text.


Guidelines for authors: Citation Rules (Chicago Style)

More can be found at:

The following examples illustrate the notes and bibliography system. Sample notes show full citations followed by shortened citations for the same sources. Sample bibliography entries follow the notes. 




  1. Zadie Smith, Swing Time (New York: Penguin Press, 2016), 315–16.
  2. Brian Grazer and Charles Fishman, A Curious Mind: The Secret to a Bigger Life (New York: Simon & Schuster, 2015), 12.

Shortened notes

  1. Smith, Swing Time, 320.
  2. Grazer and Fishman, Curious Mind, 37.

Bibliography entries (in alphabetical order)

Grazer, Brian, and Charles Fishman. A Curious Mind: The Secret to a Bigger Life. New York: Simon & Schuster, 2015.

Smith, Zadie. Swing Time. New York: Penguin Press, 2016.


Chapter or other part of an edited book

In a note, cite specific pages. In the bibliography, include the page range for the chapter or part.


  1. Henry David Thoreau, “Walking”, in The Making of the American Essay, ed. John D’Agata (Minneapolis: Graywolf Press, 2016), 177–78.

Shortened note

  1. Thoreau, “Walking”, 182.

Bibliography entry

Thoreau, Henry David. “Walking”. In The Making of the American Essay, edited by John D’Agata, 167–95. Minneapolis: Graywolf Press, 2016.

In some cases, you may want to cite the collection as a whole instead.


  1. John D’Agata, ed., The Making of the American Essay (Minneapolis: Graywolf Press, 2016), 177–78.

Shortened note

  1. D’Agata, American Essay, 182.

Bibliography entry

D’Agata, John, ed. The Making of the American Essay. Minneapolis: Graywolf Press, 2016.


Translated book


  1. Jhumpa Lahiri, In Other Words, trans. Ann Goldstein (New York: Alfred A. Knopf, 2016), 146.

Shortened note

  1. Lahiri, In Other Words, 184.

Bibliography entry

Lahiri, Jhumpa. In Other Words. Translated by Ann Goldstein. New York: Alfred A. Knopf, 2016.



For books consulted online, include a URL or the name of the database. For other types of e-books, name the format. If no fixed page numbers are available, cite a section title or a chapter or other number in the notes, if any (or simply omit).


  1. Herman Melville, Moby-Dick; or, The Whale(New York: Harper & Brothers, 1851), 627,
  2. Philip B. Kurland and Ralph Lerner, eds., The Founders’ Constitution(Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1987), chap. 10, doc. 19,
  3. Brooke Borel, The Chicago Guide to Fact-Checking (Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2016), 92, ProQuest Ebrary.
  4. Jane Austen, Pride and Prejudice(New York: Penguin Classics, 2007), chap. 3, Kindle.

Shortened notes

  1. Melville, Moby-Dick, 722–23.
  2. Kurland and Lerner, Founders’ Constitution, chap. 4, doc. 29.
  3. Borel, Fact-Checking, 104–5.
  4. Austen, Pride and Prejudice, chap. 14.

Bibliography entries (in alphabetical order)

Austen, Jane. Pride and Prejudice. New York: Penguin Classics, 2007. Kindle.

Borel, Brooke. The Chicago Guide to Fact-Checking. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2016. ProQuest Ebrary.

Kurland, Philip B., and Ralph Lerner, eds. The Founders’ Constitution. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1987.

Melville, Herman. Moby-Dick; or, The Whale. New York: Harper & Brothers, 1851.


Journal article

In a note, cite specific page numbers. In the bibliography, include the page range for the whole article. For articles consulted online, it is mandatory to include a URL, DOI or the name of the database. Many journal articles list a DOI (Digital Object Identifier). A DOI forms a permanent URL that begins This URL is preferable to the URL that appears in your browser’s address bar.


  1. Susan Satterfield, “Livy and the Pax Deum”, Classical Philology 111, no. 2 (April 2016): 170.
  2. Shao-Hsun Keng, Chun-Hung Lin, and Peter F. Orazem, “Expanding College Access in Taiwan, 1978–2014: Effects on Graduate Quality and Income Inequality”, Journal of Human Capital 11, no. 1 (Spring 2017): 9–10,
  3. Peter LaSalle, “Conundrum: A Story about Reading”, New England Review 38, no. 1 (2017): 95, Project MUSE.

Shortened notes

  1. Satterfield, “Livy”, 172–73.
  2. Keng, Lin, and Orazem, “Expanding College Access”, 23.
  3. LaSalle, “Conundrum”, 101.

Bibliography entries (in alphabetical order)

Keng, Shao-Hsun, Chun-Hung Lin, and Peter F. Orazem. “Expanding College Access in Taiwan, 1978–2014: Effects on Graduate Quality and Income Inequality”. Journal of Human Capital 11, no. 1 (Spring 2017): 1–34.

LaSalle, Peter. “Conundrum: A Story about Reading”. New England Review 38, no. 1 (2017): 95–109. Project MUSE.

Satterfield, Susan. “Livy and the Pax Deum”. Classical Philology 111, no. 2 (April 2016): 165–76.

Journal articles often list many authors, especially in the sciences. If there are four or more authors, list up to ten in the bibliography; in a note, list only the first, followed by et al. (“and others”). For more than ten authors (not shown here), list the first seven in the bibliography, followed by et al.


  1. Rachel A. Bay et al., “Predicting Responses to Contemporary Environmental Change Using Evolutionary Response Architectures”, American Naturalist 189, no. 5 (May 2017): 465,

Shortened note

  1. Bay et al., “Predicting Responses”, 466.

Bibliography entry

Bay, Rachael A., Noah Rose, Rowan Barrett, Louis Bernatchez, Cameron K. Ghalambor, Jesse R. Lasky, Rachel B. Brem, Stephen R. Palumbi, and Peter Ralph. “Predicting Responses to Contemporary Environmental Change Using Evolutionary Response Architectures”. American Naturalist 189, no. 5 (May 2017): 463–73.


News or magazine article

Articles from newspapers or news sites, magazines, blogs, and the like are cited similarly. Page numbers, if any, can be cited in a note but are omitted from a bibliography entry. If you consulted the article online, include a URL or the name of the database.


  1. Rebecca Mead, “The Prophet of Dystopia”, New Yorker, April 17, 2017, 43.
  2. Farhad Manjoo, “Snap Makes a Bet on the Cultural Supremacy of the Camera”, New York Times, March 8, 2017,
  3. Rob Pegoraro, “Apple’s iPhone Is Sleek, Smart and Simple,” Washington Post, July 5, 2007, LexisNexis Academic.
  4. Tanya Pai, “The Squishy, Sugary History of Peeps”, Vox, April 11, 2017,

Shortened notes

  1. Mead, “Dystopia”, 47.
  2. Manjoo, “Snap”.
  3. Pegoraro, “Apple’s iPhone”.
  4. Pai, “History of Peeps”.

Bibliography entries (in alphabetical order)

Manjoo, Farhad. “Snap Makes a Bet on the Cultural Supremacy of the Camera”. New York Times, March 8, 2017.

Mead, Rebecca. “The Prophet of Dystopia”. New Yorker, April 17, 2017.

Pai, Tanya. “The Squishy, Sugary History of Peeps”. Vox, April 11, 2017.

Pegoraro, Rob. “Apple’s iPhone Is Sleek, Smart and Simple”. Washington Post, July 5, 2007. LexisNexis Academic.


Readers’ comments are cited in the text or in a note but omitted from a bibliography.


  1. Eduardo B (Los Angeles), March 9, 2017, comment on Manjoo, “Snap.”


Book review


  1. Michiko Kakutani, “Friendship Takes a Path That Diverges”, review of Swing Time, by Zadie Smith, New York Times, November 7, 2016.

Shortened note

  1. Kakutani, “Friendship”.

Bibliography entry

Kakutani, Michiko. “Friendship Takes a Path That Diverges”. Review of Swing Time, by Zadie Smith. New York Times, November 7, 2016.




  1. Kory Stamper, “From ‘F-Bomb’ to ‘Photobomb,’ How the Dictionary Keeps Up with English,” interview by Terry Gross, Fresh Air, NPR, April 19, 2017, audio, 35:25,

Shortened note

  1. Stamper, interview.

Bibliography entry

Stamper, Kory. “From ‘F-Bomb’ to ‘Photobomb’, How the Dictionary Keeps Up with English.” Interview by Terry Gross. Fresh Air, NPR, April 19, 2017. Audio, 35:25.


Thesis or dissertation


  1. Cynthia Lillian Rutz, “King Learand Its Folktale Analogues” (PhD diss., University of Chicago, 2013), 99–100.

Shortened note

  1. Rutz, “King Lear”, 158.

Bibliography entry

Rutz, Cynthia Lillian. “King Lear and Its Folktale Analogues”. PhD diss., University of Chicago, 2013.


Website content

It is often sufficient simply to describe web pages and other website content in the text (“As of May 1, 2017, Yale’s home page listed . . .”). If a more formal citation is needed, it may be styled like the examples below. For a source that does not list a date of publication or revision, include an access date (as in example note 2).


  1. “Privacy Policy”, Privacy & Terms, Google, last modified April 17, 2017,
  2. “About Yale: Yale Facts”, Yale University, accessed May 1, 2017,
  3. Katie Bouman, “How to Take a Picture of a Black Hole”, filmed November 2016 at TEDxBeaconStreet, Brookline, MA, video, 12:51,

Shortened notes

  1. Google, “Privacy Policy”.
  2. “Yale Facts”.
  3. Bouman, “Black Hole”.

Bibliography entries (in alphabetical order)

Bouman, Katie. “How to Take a Picture of a Black Hole”. Filmed November 2016 at TEDxBeaconStreet, Brookline, MA. Video, 12:51.

Google. “Privacy Policy”. Privacy & Terms. Last modified April 17, 2017.

Yale University. “About Yale: Yale Facts”. Accessed May 1, 2017.


Social media content

Citations of content shared through social media can usually be limited to the text (as in the first example below). A note may be added if a more formal citation is needed. In rare cases, a bibliography entry may also be appropriate. In place of a title, quote up to the first 160 characters of the post. Comments are cited in reference to the original post.


Conan O’Brien’s tweet was characteristically deadpan: “In honor of Earth Day, I’m recycling my tweets” (@ConanOBrien, April 22, 2015).


  1. Pete Souza (@petesouza), “President Obama bids farewell to President Xi of China at the conclusion of the Nuclear Security Summit”, Instagram photo, April 1, 2016,
  2. Chicago Manual of Style, “Is the world ready for singular they? We thought so back in 1993”, Facebook, April 17, 2015,

Shortened notes

  1. Souza, “President Obama”.
  2. Michele Truty, April 17, 2015, 1:09 p.m., comment on Chicago Manual of Style, “singular they”.

Bibliography entry

Chicago Manual of Style. “Is the world ready for singular they? We thought so back in 1993”. Facebook, April 17, 2015.


Personal communication

Personal communications, including email and text messages and direct messages sent through social media, are usually cited in the text or in a note only; they are rarely included in a bibliography.


  1. Sam Gomez, Facebook message to author, August 1, 2017.


Names: References to cases carry full points and v does not carry a full point and is in italic. E.g.,

Various Claimants v Barclays Bank plc [2020] UKSC 13, [2020] 2 W.L.R. 960


Law Reports: The neutral citation should be given first, without any full points and before the report reference, for all cases to which the practice has been extended since 2001; references to paragraphs should be in square brackets. Where English cases have been reported, reference should be made to the Law Reports, failing this to the W.L.R., failing that to the All E.R., and failing that to one of the specialist reports: e.g.

  1. (Hart) v Bow Street Magistrates' Court[2001] EWHC (Admin) 1141, [2002] 1 W.L.R. 1242.

Twinsectra Ltd. v Yardley [2002] UKHL 12, [2002] 2 A.C. 164, at [24].

  1. v Dyson[1908] 2 KB 454.

Re Atkins [1989] 1 All E.R. 14.

DPP v Armstrong [2000] Crim. L.R. 379.


European Union Cases:

Decisions of the Court of Justice of the European Union after 2011 follow the ECLI method:

Judgment of 12 July 2005, Schempp, C-403/03, EU:C:2005:446.

Decisions of the Court of Justice of the European Union before 2011 may use the ECLI method or may continue to be cited as follows: Number, names of the parties in italics, year in square brackets, report (without the date of the decision), e.g.



Case 26/62, Van Gen en Loos v NederlandseAdministratie der Belastingen [1963] E.C.R. 1

Case C-234/02 P, European Ombudsman v Lamberts [2004] E.C.R. I-2803


General Court:

Case T-102/96, Gencor v Commission [1999] E.C.R. II- 753


Civil Service Tribunal:

F-107/06, Berrisford v Commission, [2006] E.C.R.-SC I-A-1- 0000 and II-A-2-0000


Where a judgment has not yet been published:

C-434/09, McCarthy v Secretary of State for the Home Department, Judgment of 5 May 2011, not yet reported.


European Court of Human Rights:

Decisions of the European Court of Human Rights are cited as follows:

If reported, names of the parties in italics and report: e.g.

Demir and Baykara v Turkey (2009) 48 E.H.R.R. 54

If unreported, names of the parties in italics, application number in brackets and date of the decision

Taxquet v Belgium (Application no. 926/05), Judgment of 21 November 2010, not yet reported.



Acts of Parliament. Use the style:

Law of Property Act 1925, s. 3(1)(a)

Copyright, Designs and Patents Act 1988, sched. 1, para. 5(2)(c)

Note that the definite article is omitted unless it is part of the sentence ("the Law of Property Act 1925 provides ..."). The abbreviation "s." is used only following the title of an Act or in parentheses; otherwise "section" should be in full.


EU Legislation. Before the entry into force of the Lisbon Treaty:

Council Regulation (EC) No 645/2008 (OJ 2008 L 180 p.1), art. 4

After the entry into force of the Lisbon Treaty:

Commission Regulation (EU) No 439/2011 (OJ 2011 L 119 p.1)

The abbreviation "art." is used only following the title of a Directive or Regulation or in parentheses. When used in the text "Article" (with a capital) should be in full:

“The right to quote is recognised in Article 5(3)(d) of the Directive.”.


Command Papers. Note the importance of using the correct abbreviation for the period, e.g. ‘Cm.’ in the present series.

Hansard. Use the style:

HC Deb. vol. 255 col. 503w (28 February 1995) (Italic pagination for written answers)

HC Deb. vol. 255 col. 841 (28 February 1995)

HC Deb. vol. 561 cols. 1401-4 (28 February 1995)

HL Deb. vol. 561 col. WA 92 (28 February 1995) (Italics for written answers)


Statutory instruments. Use the style:

Noise at Work Regulations 1989, SI 1989/1790, reg. 8.



The Editorial Board accepts unpublished articles in English language and possibly in Croatian language. The paper, including the references and supplements, should not exceed 75 000 characters. Abstract not longer than 300 characters, and a short list of key words must be included (5-10 key words).


  • The Review Process Policy (for Articles)

After submission, manuscripts will go through the following stages:

  • Formal examination to ensure the identity of the author is not on the manuscript and to check length, as well as situations where the submission is self-evidently unsuitable. This stage is normally complete within two weeks of submission.
  • A substantive assessment by one of the Editors-In-Chief  to assess whether the manuscript is prima facie suitable and ready to be sent for anonymous review. If the manuscript is not thought suitable or ready it will be rejected at this point. This normally occurs within two weeks, so at the latest one month after submission.
  • If the manuscript is suitable and ready for review, normally two anonymous reviewers will then be sought to offer independent and expert advice. This stage can take up to a month as it can be difficult to locate suitable reviewers who are willing to act.
  • If the manuscript is sent for review, the reviewers are given a standard period of four weeks (though this may be extended if the reviewer needs more time).
  • Once the external reviews have been received, the Editors-In-Chief will make an assessment based on those reviews and their own assessment of the paper. A decision will be made whether to reject, to accept or to seek revisions.
  • If revisions are sought, the author will be asked to resubmit the revised paper explaining how they have responded to the criticisms of the Reviewers/Editors. The revised version, once submitted will probably again be sent out for review (often to the initial reviewers, if available). In order to maintain anonymity, responses to reviewer comments should not contain identifiable information.
  • If accepted, the author will once again be asked to check all references to ensure they are correct and to ensure the manuscript complies with the style-guide.


  • Online Posting by the Author (Repositories, SSRN)

Authors are permitted to publish a pre-publication text of their article on repositories such as SSRN. But they should replace the pre-publication text with a reference to the Journal website once the article appears in FirstView. On acceptance for publication, the author is permitted to post the accepted manuscript in an institutional repository. But such a publication should still contain a reference to the year and page reference of the publication in the SLPD Journal.

Books reviews

The Journal accepts reviews of books, not older than three years. The desirable length of review is between 5000 and 9000 characters. All the relevant information on the reviewed book must be indicated at the beginning of the text, and the author's name should be stated at the end. Footnotes are not permitted.

Authors are required to submit all book reviews  to the SLPD Journal in Word format to:

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