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The Role of Embroidery in Shaping National Identity or How Pec Embroidery Became National Embroidery

Tihana Petrović Leš ; Filozofski fakultet Sveučilišta u Zagrebu, Odsjek za etnologiju i kulturnu antropologiju, Zagreb, Hrvatska

Puni tekst: hrvatski pdf 1.585 Kb

str. 149-182

preuzimanja: 1.563



Pec embroidery phenomenon was observed in the period of about a hundred years with its manufacturers, consumers, market, products and manufacture organization based on different sources and according to polysystem theory principles. It was recognized and chosen by renowned connoisseurs of textile manufacturing skills as a type of old embroidery, reshaped after the taste of the bourgeois class, and returned to the country by way of handicraft classes in schools and organized home handiwork. It was concluded that Pec embroidery developed precisely due to the interactions between high and peasant cultures. It was accepted in villages and towns by the end of XIX century when it became a part of the Croatian bourgeois society popular culture. It was especially important between the two World Wars when it gained a prominent role in the processes of national integration of the Croatian society and its meaning as a type of old Croatian embroidery.

Ključne riječi

Pec embroidery; popular/national identity; Croatia in XIX and XX century; polysystem theory; heritage

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