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OBSTRUCTIVE SLEEP APNEA, ANESTHESIA AND AIRWAY – CLINICAL DILEMMAS AND REVIEW OF THE LATEST GUIDELINES

MLADEN CAREV orcid id orcid.org/0000-0003-2209-9331 ; Klinički bolnički centar Split, Klinika za anesteziologiju, reanimatologiju i intenzivno liječenje,Split, Hrvatska, Sveučilište u Splitu, Medicinski fakultet, Katedra za anesteziologiju i intenzivnu medicinu,Split, Hrvatska
ZORAN ĐOGAŠ orcid id orcid.org/0000-0003-3138-3887 ; Sveučilište u Splitu, Medicinski fakultet, Zavod za neuroznanost, Centar za medicinu spavanja, Split, Hrvatska
ŽELJKO NINČEVIĆ orcid id orcid.org/0000-0001-9087-1368 ; Klinički bolnički centar Split, Klinika za anesteziologiju, reanimatologiju i intenzivno liječenje,Split, Hrvatska, Sveučilište u Splitu, Medicinski fakultet, Katedra za anesteziologiju i intenzivnu medicinu,Split, Hrvatska
SANDA STOJANOVIĆ STIPIĆ ; Klinički bolnički centar Split, Klinika za anesteziologiju, reanimatologiju i intenzivno liječenje,Split, Hrvatska, Sveučilište u Splitu, Medicinski fakultet, Katedra za anesteziologiju i intenzivnu medicinu,Split, Hrvatska
NENAD KARANOVIĆ ; Klinički bolnički centar Split, Klinika za anesteziologiju, reanimatologiju i intenzivno liječenje,Split, Hrvatska, Sveučilište u Splitu, Medicinski fakultet, Katedra za anesteziologiju i intenzivnu medicinu,Split, Hrvatska


Puni tekst: hrvatski pdf 172 Kb

verzije

str. 35-44

preuzimanja: 1.093

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Sažetak

The aim of this review article is to explain the anesthetic approach to patients with obstructive sleep apnea (OSA), to show results of the most recent research, and to review the recently published guidelines and recommendations. OSA is the most common sleep-related breathing disorder. It is considered that OSA is a systemic disease with many different phenotypes and pathophysiological mechanisms. It has been shown that patients with OSA have an increased incidence of perioperative adverse events, especially those associated with maintaining the airway. Patients with OSA are sensitive to conventional
anesthetics and sedatives, particularly opioids. Therefore, in these patients, local and regional techniques should be applied whenever possible. Among surgical patients, there is a high prevalence of OSA, and a large number of patients are not diagnosed preoperatively. Defi nitive OSA diagnosis is only possible with polysomnography, which is not always easily available. Therefore, the use of various validated preoperative tests and questionnaires (STOP BANG, Berlin, ASA, P-SAP) is increasingly recommended today, as these correlate satisfactorily with postoperative outcomes and help in preoperative risk stratification. In the last years, two new important documents have appeared. The practice guidelines for the perioperative management of patients with obstructive sleep apnea were published by the American Society of Anesthesiologists (ASA) in 2014, and the Recommendations of the American Association for Anesthesiology and Sleep Medicine two years later. The latter are practical because they classify patients into 3 groups: 1) surgical patients with OSA, adherent to positive airway pressure (PAP) therapy, 2) surgical patients with OSA, who decline or are poorly adherent to PAP therapy, and 3) surgical patients who have a high probability of OSA. These recommendations defi ne the term of uncontrolled systemic disease for the fi rst time. Furthermore, this new structured approach gives clear recommendations in addition to the current ASA guidelines from 2014.

Ključne riječi

sleep apnea; questionnaire; surgery; complications; airway; guidelines

Hrčak ID:

209065

URI

https://hrcak.srce.hr/209065

Datum izdavanja:

18.11.2018.

Podaci na drugim jezicima: hrvatski

Posjeta: 1.962 *