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Aprons From The Collection Of Costumes Of The Dalmatian Hinterland Of The Ethnographic Museum Split (Summary)

Ida Jakšić orcid id ; Etnografski muzej Split

Puni tekst: hrvatski pdf 4.221 Kb

str. 93-134

preuzimanja: 56



An apron is an item of clothing worn over other clothing to protect it from dirt and damage. In addition to this basic practical function, it has served (and continues to serve) decorative and ceremonial purposes throughout its long history, with its roles changing and overlapping over the centuries. In the traditional culture of dressing many peoples it has survived as an indispensable part of the costume. Until deep into the 20th century, it was tied around the waist every day and every day by women, girls and girls in the hinterland of Dalmatia. Their aprons, as an obligatory part of the costume, in addition to their practical role, almost regularly had a decorative one.
There are as many as 527 aprons in the EMS Dalmatian Hinterland Costume Collection, which has a total of 4,322 textile items. They, therefore, make up more than one-eighth of the entire Collection, which unequivocally speaks of the importance of this segment of traditional textile handicrafts. For the production of aprons and other clothing items in this area, the wool of domestic sheep was most often used, the breeding of which formed the basis of the farm. The whole process from the processing of woolen raw materials to the making and decorating of clothes, within traditional communities rested on women.
Two basic types of woolen aprons have been recorded in the hinterland of Dalmatia. They differ in the way they are made or woven, which ultimately gives them a distinctive look. In the southeastern part, aprons woven with simpler techniques predominate and are most often red with woven transverse stripes. In the northeastern part, aprons are usually woven with the decorative kneeling technique, which performs a variety of geometric ornaments. The latter have a distinct numerical advantage in the Collection, which is conditioned not only by their former wide use, but certainly by their special artistic properties.

Ključne riječi

apron, wool, weaving, traditional textile handicrafts, Dalmatian hinterland

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Podaci na drugim jezicima: hrvatski

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