Original scientific paper
Inclusion of Persons with Disabilities in the Community
; Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences, Mostar, Bosnia and Herzegovina; Study of Social Work, Zagreb, Croatia
Tanja Penava ; Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences, Mostar, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Study of Social Work, Zagreb, Croatia
Nedjeljko Marković ; Study of Social Work, Zagreb, Croatia
The purpose of this paper was to examine the inclusion of persons with disabilities in the community and to analyse the connection between socio-demographic characteristics of the participants and their functional abilities with the inclusion in the community. The research was carried out as a part of the project “Social position of persons with disabilities in Croatia”, which was carried out by The Ministry of the Family, Veterans’ Affairs and Intergenerational Solidarity in cooperation with the Faculty of Law in Zagreb. The research was carried out in 2009 on the territory of the Republic of Croatia on a sample of 689 people. For the purpose of this paper the data were pondered and 391 participant was included in the final sample for analysis. The inclusion in the community scale which was constructed for this research was used as a measuring instrument. The control of metrical characteristics of the subscales was done by factor analysis.
The inclusion scale was made of 7 subscales: the usage of modern technology and scientific literature, the level of information and overall activity in the local community, press reading (daily, weekly and monthly), good neighbourly help, informal company in the local community, self-representation of persons with disabilities and the use of leisure time.
The results indicated that persons with disabilities were insufficiently involved in the community life. Functional abilities highly correlated with the inclusion of persons with disabilities in the community life. Socio-demographic features appeared statistically significant in relation to the inclusion in the community. Education, employment, material circumstances and life satisfaction were very important components for inclusion of persons with disabilities in the community.
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