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Review article

Art Therapy in Educational System

Sabrina Mazzola Roguljić orcid id orcid.org/0009-0002-6422-5738


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Full text: english pdf 869 Kb

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Abstract

The introduction of art therapy is common in a wide range of educational
institutions and is applied in mental health centers as well as in hospitals around the world. Art therapy in the educational system aims to integrate students
into the school system on an emotional, social, and educational level.
In an attempt to meet educational requirements, schools and preschools all over
the world design specific programs to get closer to the student’s needs; Israel’s
educational system serves as an example because every school has its own art
therapist. Art therapists in schools provide therapy to students facing emotional,
developmental, and learning difficulties, having the opportunity to observe
them in their environment and interact with family and school staff, which can
lead to a better understanding of their interpersonal interactions. Based on the
evaluation of the student’s behavior, his emotional state, problems, and needs,
art therapists create goals and work plans for individuals or groups in a way
that complements the existing educational plan and program. Art therapists
in schools are not only there for students but for all participants in the system.
They organize workshops with school staff and workshops with parents, hence
becoming a link between parents and children, parents and teachers, teachers
and children.
Art therapy is a new profession in Croatia. Art therapy is commonly used in
psychiatric hospitals and centers for people with special needs. These workshops
are usually led by art teachers or artists with or without additional education
in mental health. It’s not expected that art therapy will enter the school system in Croatia anytime
soon, but there is a possibility that already conducted international research on
the effectiveness of art therapy in schools (Kaspy, 2021, Regev, 2021, Luzzatto,
2021, Bowen-Salter, 2021,...) will influence its consideration. Art therapy breaks
the stigma of mental health care, and the individual is encouraged to take care
of himself and others. It acts preventively, which can result in healthier and
more socially acceptable behavior, increased self-esteem, and a more positive
attitude about oneself, school, and learning. Therefore, it would be interesting
to study the idea of its inclusion in the educational system.

Keywords

art therapy in schools, school system, mental health awareness, psycho-education, educational system, psycho-pedagogy, systemic approach, parents, teachers and students

Hrčak ID:

314709

URI

https://hrcak.srce.hr/314709

Publication date:

20.12.2023.

Article data in other languages: croatian

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