CIVIL LAW REGULATION OF LOBBYING ACTIVITIES

Authors

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.25234/pv/12837

Keywords:

contract, lobbying, lobbyist, contracting client, public register

Abstract

The Republic of Croatia does not have a legal framework for regulating lobbying activities. With the adoption of regulations governing lobbying, this informal activity is translated from the “grey zone” into an activity under the “watchful eye” of the competent authorities. Although there is a large amount of professional and scientific literature on the concept and activity of lobbying, it can be noticed that the academic community is much less concerned with the legal institute of lobbying contract, its classification, characteristics and content. The lobbying contract in the wider context of the Croatian science of civil law and legal practice, comprises the features of certain legal transactions, primarily a contract for services / or a mandate contract. The object of performing a lobbying contract is the execution of a lobbying activity, as a rule for a consideration, and in that sense, it represents a specific form of a contract for services. The mandate contract features found in the formation of the lobbying contract will also be emphasized. The paper aims at presenting the basic features of the lobbying contract and emphasizing certain outstanding issues that may arise in any legal regulation of this legal act in the Republic of Croatia. The comparative approach in the paper points to legal solutions applied by legal systems with a long lobbying tradition as a legitimate part of the legislative process. It also points out the plausible solutions that have emerged from the legal systems of predominantly former communist and transition countries, and which are all the more adequate to possible Croatian lobbying contract regulation.

References

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REGULATIONS AND DOCUMENTS

Etički kodeks Hrvatskog društva lobista <http://hdl.hr/wp-content/uploads/2015/05/Eticki_kodeks_HDL.pdf> pristupljeno 8. srpnja 2021.

Kodeks savjetovanja sa zainteresiranom javnošću u postupcima donošenja zakona, drugih propisa i akata (NN 140/2009) (HR)

Tarifa o nagradama i naknadi troškova za rad odvjetnika (NN 142/2012, 103/2014, 118/2014, 107/2015) (HR)

Ustav Republike Hrvatske (NN 56/1990, 135/1997, 8/1998, 113/2000, 124/2000,28/2001, 41/2001, 55/2001, 76/2010, 85/2010, 5/2014) (HR)

Zakon o lobiranju (SG 87/2018, 86/2019) (RS)

Zakon o lobiranju (SL 54/2011, 52/2014) (ME)

Zakon o obveznim odnosima (NN 35/2005, 41/2008, 125/2011, 78/2015, 29/2018) (HR)

Zakon o odvjetništvu (NN 9/1994, 117/2008, 50/2009, 75/2009, 18/2011) (HR)

Zakon o sprječavanju sukoba interesa (NN 26/2011, 12/2012, 126/2012, 48/2013, 57/2015, 98/2019) (HR)

Zakon o trgovačkim društvima (NN 152/2011, 111/2012, 68/2013, 110/2015, 40/2019) (HR)

Zakon o udrugama (NN 74/2014, 70/2017, 98/2019) (HR)

Zakon o zakladama (NN 106/2018) (HR)

INTERNET SOURCES

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NKD pretraživač (Državni zavod za statistiku) <https://www.dzs.hr/App/NKD_Browser/> pristupljeno 8. srpnja 2021.

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Zakon o zagovaranju interesa (Hrvatsko društvo lobista, 4 September 2018) <https://hdl.hr/zakon-o-zagovaranju-interesa/> pristupljeno 8. srpnja 2021.

Published

2021-07-28

How to Cite

Pichler, D. (2021). CIVIL LAW REGULATION OF LOBBYING ACTIVITIES. Pravni Vjesnik, 37(2), 35–60. https://doi.org/10.25234/pv/12837

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