Determining textural and geochemical element characteristics of seafloor sediment using multivariate analysis along the Simeulue sub-basin, Indonesia

Authors

Keywords:

Sediment, grainsize, geochemical, multivariate analysis, Simeulue

Abstract

The Simeulue sub-basin is situated off north-western Sumatra between the outer arc and the mainlands. The sediment and geochemical element characteristics of basins are the important sedimentology variables to recognize the process of sediment deposition. However, the characteristics of the sediment and the geochemical elements in the Simeulue subbasin have not been well explained. This study aims to investigate the textural and geochemical elements characteristics of marine sediments and the distribution of these two variables to determine the sedimentary facies in the Simeulue sub-basin. Samples were taken from various depths in the sub-basin and collected during the 2017 Expedition of “Widya Nusantara” by using the “Baruna Jaya VIII” Research Vessel. The grain size trend analysis showed that the middle part of the basin was dominated by mud, while the edge of the basin near the island (mainland) was mostly dominated by coarser sediments. A geochemical element analysis was performed on each sample to observe the origin of the sediments. The results of these two analyses were subjected to multivariate statistics. This approach was selected because it is appropriate for determining the sedimentary facies and the depositional environments. Based on the multivariate analysis, the sedimentary facies in the Simeulue sub-basin was divided into five facies with similar sediment characteristics and depositional environments. These facies were deposited in the environment with low to medium energy.

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Published

2020-09-10

How to Cite

Nugroho, S. H., & Putra, P. S. (2020). Determining textural and geochemical element characteristics of seafloor sediment using multivariate analysis along the Simeulue sub-basin, Indonesia. Rudarsko-geološko-Naftni Zbornik (The Mining-Geological-Petroleum Bulletin), 35(4). Retrieved from https://hrcak.srce.hr/ojs/index.php/rgn/article/view/11420

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Section

Geology