The application of a stockpile stochastic model into long-term open pit mine production scheduling to improve the feed grade for the processing plant

Authors

  • Javad Gholamnejad Department of Mining and Metallurgical Engineering, Yazd University https://orcid.org/0000-0003-3480-9644
  • Ali Azimi Department of Mining and Metallurgical Engineering, Yazd University https://orcid.org/0000-0002-3841-7325
  • Reza Lotfian Department of Mining and Metallurgical Engineering, Yazd University
  • Sara Kasmaeeyazdi Department of Civil, Chemical, Environmental and Material Engineering, University of Bologna https://orcid.org/0000-0003-2438-8743
  • Francesco Tinti University of Bologna - Department of Civil, Chemical, Environmental and Materials Engineering https://orcid.org/0000-0002-6750-9368

Keywords:

open pit long-term production scheduling (OPLTPS), stockpile management, linear programming (LP), mine planning, stochastic model

Abstract

This paper presents a chance-constrained integer programming approach based on linear method to solve the long-term open pit mine production scheduling problem. Specifically, a single stockpile has been addressed for storing excess low-grade material based on availability of processing capacity and for possible future processing. The proposed scheduling model maximizes the project NPV while respecting a series of physical and economic constraints. Differently from common practice, where deterministic models are used to calculate the average grade for material in the stockpiles, in this work a stochastic approach was performed, starting from the time of planning before the stockpile realization. By performing the probability analysis on two case studies (an iron and a gold deposits), it was proved that the stockpile attributes can be treated as normally distributed random variables. Afterwards, the stochastic programming model was formulated in an open pit gold mine in order to determine the optimum amount of ore dispatched from different bench levels in open pit and at the same time a low-grade stockpile to the mill. The chance-constrained programming was finally applied to obtain the equivalent deterministic solution of the primary model. The results obtained have showed a better feed grade for the processing plant with a higher NPV and probability of grade blending constraint satisfaction, with respect of using the traditional stockpile deterministic model. This paper presents a chance-constrained integer programming approach based on the linear method to solve the longterm open pit mine production scheduling problem. Specifically, a single stockpile has been addressed for storing excess low-grade material based on the availability of processing capacity and for possible future processing. The proposed scheduling model maximizes the project NPV while respecting a series of physical and economic constraints. Differently from common practice, where deterministic models are used to calculate the average grade for material in the stockpiles, in this work a stochastic approach was performed, starting from the time of planning before the stockpile realization. By performing a probability analysis on two case studies (on iron and gold deposits), it was proven that the stockpile attributes can be treated as normally distributed random variables. Afterwards, the stochastic programming model was formulated in an open pit gold mine in order to determine the optimum amount of ore dispatched from different bench levels in the open pit and at the same time a low-grade stockpile to the mill. The chance-constrained programming was finally applied to obtain the equivalent deterministic solution of the primary model. The obtained results have shown a better feed grade for the processing plant with a higher NPV and probability of grade blending constraint satisfaction, with respect to using the traditional stockpile deterministic model.

Author Biographies

Javad Gholamnejad, Department of Mining and Metallurgical Engineering, Yazd University

Associate Professor

Sara Kasmaeeyazdi, Department of Civil, Chemical, Environmental and Material Engineering, University of Bologna

Post-doc researcher

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Published

2020-10-08

How to Cite

Gholamnejad, J., Azimi, A., Lotfian, R., Kasmaeeyazdi, S., & Tinti, F. (2020). The application of a stockpile stochastic model into long-term open pit mine production scheduling to improve the feed grade for the processing plant. Rudarsko-geološko-Naftni Zbornik (The Mining-Geological-Petroleum Bulletin), 35(4). Retrieved from https://hrcak.srce.hr/ojs/index.php/rgn/article/view/11887

Issue

Section

Mining

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