Carbon-based raw materials play key roles in technology of the 21st century: Indian case studies
Keywords:carbon, Indian high-ash coal, nanomaterials, supercapacitor, coal beneficiation
Coal is a vital carbon-based raw material which is used in the production of various advanced nanomaterials. This particularly holds true for the relevant research and development trends in India. New more environmentally friendly processes are under development with respect to metallurgical coke making and quality enhancement of high-ash Indian coal. Compared with chemical and physical methods, beneficiation of high-ash coal and its combustion by-products with organic liquids (various natural oils) are much more superior in terms of costs, efficiency, and environmental implications. Nanodiamonds have emerged as a key platform for nanoscience and nanotechnology developments. Indian scientists have applied eco-friendly and cost-effective ultrasonic assisted wet-chemical method to low-quality NE Indian coal and the resulting nanodiamond particles could have a wide range of applications in the field of microelectronics, optoelectronics, and biosensing. Also, Indian scientists have been working on ultrasonic-assisted chemical synthesis of activated carbon from low-quality subbituminous coal and its preliminary evaluation towards supercapacitor applications. This article shows that coal is a versatile and valuable raw material which should be saved for future generations at all costs.
How to Cite
Copyright (c) 2022 authors and journal
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.
Authors who publish with this journal agree to the following terms:
In agreeing this form, you certify that:
- You read the ethical codex of the RGN zbornik available at journal web.
- You submitted work is your original work, and has not previously been published and does not include any form of plagiarism.
- You own copyright in the submitted work, and are therefore permitted to assign the licence to publish to RGN zbornik.
- Your submitted work contains no violation of any existing copyright or other third party right or any material of an obscene, libellous or otherwise unlawful nature.
- You have obtained permission for and acknowledged the source of any illustrations, diagrams or other material included in the work of which you are not the copyright owner.
- You have taken due care to ensure the accuracy of the work, and that, to the best of your knowledge, there are no false statements made within it.
- All co-authors of this submitted work are aware of, and in agreement with, the terms of this licence and that the submitted manuscript has been approved by these authors.
You retain copyright in your submitted work, according to journal license policy (CC-BY). By signing this form you agree that RGN zbornik may publish it under the publication licence. In summary the licence allows the following:
Anyone is free:
- To copy, distribute, display, and perform the work.
- To make derivative works.
Under the following conditions:
- The original author must always be given credit.
- The work may not be used for commercial purposes.
- If the work is altered, transformed, or built upon, the resulting work may only be distributed under a licence identical to this one.
Exceptions to the licence
In addition to publishing the work printed under the above licence, RGN zbornik will also enable the work to be visible online.
The journal editorial can change the licence rules anytime but it cannot retroactively restrict author(s) rights.